The Emotional Intelligence, Health, and Well-Being Nexus: What Have We Learned and What Have We Missed?
Version of Record online: 28 NOV 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being © 2011 The International Association of Applied Psychology
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 1–30, March 2012
How to Cite
Zeidner, M., Matthews, G. and Roberts, R. D. (2012), The Emotional Intelligence, Health, and Well-Being Nexus: What Have We Learned and What Have We Missed?. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 4: 1–30. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-0854.2011.01062.x
- Issue online: 21 FEB 2012
- Version of Record online: 28 NOV 2011
- emotional intelligence;
- Five Factor Model of personality;
- inter- and intra-personal processes;
This paper reviews the claimed pivotal role of emotional intelligence (EI) in well-being and health. Specifically, we examine the utility of EI in predicting health and well-being and point to future research issues that the field might profitably explore. EI is predictive of various indicators of well-being, as well as both physical and psychological health, but existing research has methodological limitations including over-reliance on self-report measures, and neglect of overlap between EI and personality measures. Interventions focusing on emotional perception, understanding and expression, and emotion regulation, seem potentially important for improving health and well-being, but research on EI has not yet made a major contribution to therapeutic practice. Future research, using a finer-grained approach to measurement of both predictors and criteria might most usefully focus on intra- and inter-personal processes that may mediate effects of EI on health.
A video abstract of this article can be viewed at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_8JZX1Uc4k.