Get access

First report of viral infections that affect argentine honeybees

Authors

  • Francisco José Reynaldi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centro de Investigaciones de Fitopatología. Unidad de Bacteriología (CIDEFI). Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 60 y 119, La Plata, 1900, Bs. As. Argentina.
    2. CCT La Plata – CONICET. Avenida Rivadavia 1917, Bs As – Argentina.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Guillermo Hernán Sguazza,

    1. Cátedra de Virología. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 60 y 118, La Plata, 1900, Bs As. Argentina.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marcelo Ricardo Pecoraro,

    1. Cátedra de Virología. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 60 y 118, La Plata, 1900, Bs As. Argentina.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marco Andrés Tizzano,

    1. Cátedra de Virología. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 60 y 118, La Plata, 1900, Bs As. Argentina.
    2. Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. (CIC-PBA). 10 y 526, La Plata, Bs. As. Argentina.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Cecilia Mónica Galosi

    1. Cátedra de Virología. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 60 y 118, La Plata, 1900, Bs As. Argentina.
    2. Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. (CIC-PBA). 10 y 526, La Plata, Bs. As. Argentina.
    Search for more papers by this author

E-mail freynaldi@yahoo.com; Tel. (+54) 221 482 4956; Fax (+54) 221 482 4956.

Summary

Honey is one of the most important agricultural products for export in Argentina. In fact, more than 3.5 million beehives and 50 000 beekeepers are related with this production, mainly located in Buenos Aires province. Honeybee mortality is a serious problem that beekeepers in Argentina have had to face during the last 3 years. It is known that the consequence of the complex interactions between environmental and beekeeping parameters added to the effect of different disease agents such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasitic mites may result in a sudden collapse of the colony. In addition, multiple viral infections are frequently detected concomitantly in bee colonies. We describe here the preliminary results of a survey of three honeybee-pathogenic viruses, acute bee paralysis viruses (ABPV), chronic bee paralysis viruses (CBPV) and Sacbrood viruses (SBV) detected during a screening of 61 apiaries located in the main honey producer province using a RT-PCR assay. This is the first molecular report of the presence of these viruses in Argentine apiaries.

Ancillary