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Abundant and diverse endophytic actinobacteria associated with medicinal plant Maytenus austroyunnanensis in Xishuangbanna tropical rainforest revealed by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods

Authors

  • Sheng Qin,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China.
    2. School of Life Science, The Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Medicinal Plant of Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China.
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  • Hua-Hong Chen,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Chuxiong Normal College, Chuxiong 675000, Yunnan, China.
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  • Guo-Zhen Zhao,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China.
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  • Jie Li,

    1. Key Laboratory of Marine Bio-resources Sustainable Utilization CAS, RNAM Center for Marine Microbiology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine Materia Medica, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, China.
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  • Wen-Yong Zhu,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China.
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  • Li-Hua Xu,

    1. The Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China.
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  • Ji-Hong Jiang,

    1. School of Life Science, The Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Medicinal Plant of Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China.
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  • Wen-Jun Li

    Corresponding author
    1. The Key Laboratory of Microbial Diversity in Southwest China, Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China.
    2. Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Chinese Academy of Science, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, Xinjiang, China.
      E-mail wjli@ynu.edu.cn; liact@hotmail.com; Tel. (+86) 871 5033335; Fax (+86) 871 5033335.
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E-mail wjli@ynu.edu.cn; liact@hotmail.com; Tel. (+86) 871 5033335; Fax (+86) 871 5033335.

Summary

Endophytes are now considered as an important component of biodiversity. However, the diversity of endophytic actinobacteria associated with tropical rainforest native medicinal plants is essentially unknown. In this study, the diversity of endophytic actinobacteria residing in root, stem and leaf tissues of medicinal plant Maytenus austroyunnanensis collected from tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna, China was investigated with a combination of cultivation and culture-independent analysis on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing. By using different selective isolation media and methods, a total of 312 actinobacteria were obtained, and they were affiliated with the order Actinomycetales (distributed into 21 genera). Based on a protocol for endophytes enrichment, three 16S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed and 84 distinct operational taxonomic units were identified and they distributed among the orders Actinomycetales and Acidimicrobiales, including eight suborders and at least 38 genera with a number of rare actinobacteria genera. Phylogenetic analysis showed that 32% of the clones in the libraries had lower than 97% similarities with related type strains. Interestingly, six genera from the order Actinomycetales and uncultured clones from Acidimicrobiales have not, to our knowledge, been previously reported as endophytes. Our study confirms abundant endophytic actinobacterial consortium in tropical rainforest native plant and suggests that this special habitat represents an underexplored reservoir of diverse and novel actinobacteria of potential interest for bioactive compounds discovery.

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