Biceps rupture in water-related sporting activities


Cheng H. Lo, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Frankston Hospital, Hastings Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia.
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Closed traumatic disruptions of biceps brachii muscle belly are rarely seen. In this paper, we report two rare cases of biceps brachii muscle belly rupture sustained while water-skiing or wakeboarding and discuss the mechanism of injury, management and outcomes after a literature review. A review of published articles revealed only three previously reported cases of water skiing related biceps muscle rupture. It is important to be vigilant of these injuries, given that early recognition and operative intervention with or without direct muscle repair may optimise outcomes.