I thank Flavio Menezes and Forum participants for useful comments.
Environmental and Social Taxes: The Case of Road Transport*
Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
© 2012 The Economic Society of Australia
Economic Papers: A journal of applied economics and policy
Volume 31, Issue 1, pages 13–17, March 2012
How to Cite
Clarke, H. (2012), Environmental and Social Taxes: The Case of Road Transport. Economic Papers: A journal of applied economics and policy, 31: 13–17. doi: 10.1111/j.1759-3441.2012.00167.x
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 20 FEB 2012
- pricing roads;
- social taxation;
- political feasibility;
A concern of the “Environmental and Social Taxes” component of the Tax Forum was on issues of political feasibility rather than the efficiency arguments for making various reforms. This paper follows this approach by focusing on road pricing reforms – particularly congestion pricing. Congestion, road damage and traffic accidents are important sources of external road use costs in Australia. A major concern is gaining public acceptance for and then, on this basis, implementing such reforms. Many criticisms of road pricing and other social tax reforms that were made at the Forum seemed unaware of the substantial work that exists on these issues.