Beyond the Mantra of Empowerment: Time to Return to Poverty, Violence and Struggle


  • Uma Chakravarti

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      I have drawn from three sources for the writing of this article: my own participation in an evaluation team on the Women's Development Programme (WDP), Rajasthan, during which I met a number of sathins and other officials of the WDP and the state bureaucracy, and a paper that I wrote thereafter, ‘The Rhetoric and Substance of Empowerment’, published in John et al. (2006); and the experiences and published work of Sadhna Saxena and K. Kalpana listed below, and Sharma et al. (2007).

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