SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arber EAN, Parkin J. 1908. Studies on the evolution of the angiosperms: the relation ship of the angiosperms to the Gnetales. Annols of Botany 22: 489515.
  • Barron EJ. 1983. A warm, equable Cretaceous: the nature of the problem. Earth Science Review 19: 305338.
  • Bowe LM, Coat G, De Pamphilis CW. 2000. Phylogeny of seed plants based on all three plant genomic compartments: extant gymnosperms are monophyletic and Gnetales are derived conifers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 97: 40924097.
  • Burleigh JG, Mathews S. 2004. Phylogenetic signal in nucleotide data from seed plants: implications for resolving the seed plant tree of life. American Journal of Botany 91: 15991613.
  • Carlquist S. 1996. Wood, bark, and stem anatomy of Gnetales: a summary. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: S58S76.
  • Chang M-M. ( inline image ) 1999. Preface. Palaeoworld 11 (Special Issue). Hefei : Press of University of Science and Technology of China. iii.
  • Chang M-M ( inline image ), Chen P-J ( inline image ), Wang Y-Q ( inline image ), Wang Y ( inline image ). 2003. The Jehol biota. Shanghai : Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers. 208.
  • Chaw S-M, Parkinson CL, Cheng Y, Vincent TM, Palmer JD. 2000. Seed plant phylogeny inferred from all three plant genomes: monophyletic of extant gymnosperms and origin of Gnetales from conifers. Proceeding National Academy of Sciences USA 97: 40864091.
  • Chen J-H ( inline image ), Komatsu T ( inline image ). 2005. New advance in researching on the Tetori Group of Japan. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica ( inline image ) 44: 627635.
  • Chen P-J ( inline image ). 1999. Distribution and spread of the Jehol biota. Palaeoworld 11 (special Issue). Hefei : Press of University of Science and Technology of China. 16.
  • Chen P-J, Li J-J, Matsukawa M, Zhang H-C, Wang Q-F, Lockley MG 2006. Geological ages of dinosaur-track-bearing formations in China. Cretaceous Research 27: 232.
  • Cheng C-Y ( inline image ). 1978. Gnetaceae. In: Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae ( inline image ). Beijing: Science Press. 7: 490504.
  • Coulter JM, Chamberlain CJ. 1910. Morphology of Gymnosperms. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press. 458.
  • Crane PR. 1985. Phylogenetic analysis of seed plants and the origin of angiosperms. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 72: 716793.
  • Crane PR. 1996. The fossil history of the Gnetales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: S50S57.
  • Crane PR, Upchurch GR. 1987. Drewria potomacensis gen. et sp. nov, an early Cretaceous member of Gnetales from the Potomac Group of Virginia. American Journal of Botany 74: 17221736.
  • Diéguez C. 1996. Gnetales macrofossil from Late Barremian of las Hoyas (Cuenca, Spain). Fifth International organization of Paleobotany Conference, Abstracts. 23.
  • Dilcher DL, Bernardes-De-Oliveira ME, Pons D, Lott TA. 2005. Welwitschiaceae from the Lower Cretaceous of northeastern Brazil. American Journal of Botany 92: 12941310.
  • Dilcher DL, Sun G, Ji Q, Li H-Q. 2007. An early infructescence Hyrcantha decussate (comb. nov.) from the Yixian Formation in northeastern China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 93709374.
  • Ding Q-H ( inline image ), Zhang L-D ( inline image ), Guo S-Z ( inline image ), Zhang C-J ( inline image ), Peng Y-D ( inline image ), Jia B ( inline image ), Chen S-W ( inline image ), Xing D-H ( inline image ). 2003. Study on the paleoecology of Yixian Formation in Beipiao area, western Liaoning province, China. Geology and Resources ( inline image ) 12 (1): 918.
  • Donoghue MJ, Doyle JA. 1999. Seed plant phylogeny: Demise of the anthophyte hypothesis? Current Biology 10: R106R109.
  • Doyle JA, Donoghue MJ. 1986. Seed plant phylogeny and the origin of angiosperms: an experimental cladistic approach. Botanical Review 2: 321431.
  • Doyle JA, Donoghue MJ. 1987. The importance of fossils in elucidating seed plant phylogeny and macroevolution. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 50: 6395.
  • Endress PK. 1996. Structure and function of females and bisexual organ complexes in Gnetales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: S113S125.
  • Fluteau F, Ramstein G, Besse J, Pucéat E, Lécuyer C. 2004. Is mid cretaceous climate equable? Simulations of Aptian and Cenomanian show major climatic differences. Geophysical Research Abstracts 6, p 05263.
  • Foster AS, Gifford EM Jr. 1974. Comparative morphology of vascular plants. 2nd ed. San Francisco : WH Freeman and Company. 751.
  • Friis EM, Crane PR, Pedersen KR, Bengtson S, Donoghue, Ph CJ, Grimm GW, Stampanoni M. 2007. Phase-contrast X-ray microtomography links Cretaceous seeds with Gnetales and Bennettitales. Nature 450: 549552.
  • Frohlich MW, Parker DS. 2000. The mostly male theory of “flower” evolutionary origins: from genes to fossils. Systematic Botany 25: 155170.
  • Fu L-G, Yu Y-F, Gilbert MG 1999. Gnetaceae. In: WuZ-Y, RavenPH eds. Flora of China. Beijing : Science Press; St. Louis : Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 4: 102105.
  • Goremykin V, Bobrova V, Pahnke J, Troitsky A, Antonov A, Martin W. 1996. Noncoding sequences from the slowly evolving chloroplast inverted repeat in addition to rbcL data do not support Gnetalean affinities of angiosperms. Molecular Biological Evolution 13: 383396.
  • Gugerli F, Sperisen C, Büchler U, Brunner I, Brodbeck S, Palmer JD, Qiu Y-L. 2001. The evolutionary split of Pinaceae from other conifers: evidence from an intron loss and a multigene phylogeny. Molecular Phy logenetics and Evolution 21: 167175.
  • Guo S-X ( inline image ), Wu X-W ( inline image ). 2000. Ephedrites from Latest Jurassic Yixian Formation in western Liaoning, Northeast China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica ( inline image ) 39: 8191.
  • Haggart JW, Matsukawa M, Ito M. 2006. Paleogeographic and paleoclimatic setting of Lower Cretaceous basins of East Asia and western North America, with reference to the nonmarine strata. Cretaceous Research 27: 149167.
  • Hallam A. 1985. A review of Mesozoic climates. Journal of Geological Society in London 142: 433445.
  • Hu X-M ( inline image ). 2004. Greenhouse climate and ocean during the Cretaceous. Geology in China ( inline image ) 2004: 442448.
  • Hufford L. 1996. The morphology and evolution of male reproductive structures of Gnetales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: S95S112.
  • Ji Q, Li H-Q, Bowe LM, Liu Y-S, Tayler DW. 2004. Early Cretaceous Archaefructus eoflora sp. nov. with bisexual flowers from Beipiao, western Liaoning, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 78: 883896.
  • KramerKU, GreenPS eds. 1990. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. In: KubitzkiK ed. The families and genera of vascular plants. Berlin : Springer-Verlag. 404, with 216 figures.
  • Li H-Q. 2005. Early Cretaceous sarraceniacean-like pitcher plants from China. Acta Botanica Gallica 152: 227234.
  • Magallon S, Sanderson MJ. 2002. Relationships among seed plants inferred from highly conserved genes: sorting conflicting phylogenetic signals among ancient lineages. American Journal of Botany 89: 19912006.
  • Mathur YK, Mathur K. 1965. Occurrence of Gnetalean pollen grains in the Katrol Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Kutch, India. Nature 208: 912913.
  • Matsukawa M, Ito M, Nishida N, Koarai K, Lockley MG, Nichols DJ. 2006. The Cretaceous Tetori biota in Japan and its evolutionary significance for terrestrial ecosystems in Asia. Cretaceous Research 27: 199225.
  • McArthur JM, Mutterlose J, Price GD, Rawson PF, Ruffell A, Thirlwall MF. 2004. Belemnites of Valanginian, Hauterivian and Barremian age: Sr-isotope stratigraphy, composition (87Sr/86Sr, δ13C, δ18O, Na, Sr, Mg), and palaeo-oceanography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 202: 253272.
  • Nixon KC, Crepet WL, Stevenson D, Friis EM. 1994. A reevaluation of seed plant phylogeny. Annals of Missouri Botanical Garden 81: 484533.
  • Norris RD, Bice KL, Magno EA, Wilson PA. 2002. Jiggling the tropical thermostat in the Cretaceous hothouse. Geology 30: 299302.
  • Ogg JG 2003. Status of divisions of the International Geologic Time Scale. Lethaia 37:183199.
  • Osborn JM, Taylor TN, De Lima MR. 1993. The ultrastructure of fossil ephedroid pollen with gnetalean affinities from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 77: 171184.
  • Price RA. 1996. Systematics of the Gnetales: a review of morphological and molecular evidence. International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: S40S49.
  • Rydin C, Källersjö M, Friis EM. 2002. Seed plant relationships and the systematic position of Gnetales based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA: conflicting data, rooting problems and the monophyly of conifers. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163: 197214.
  • Rydin C, Mohr B, Friis EM. 2003. Cratonia cotyledon gen. et sp. nov.: a unique Cretaceous seedling related to Welwitschia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 270 (Suppl. 1): S29S32.
  • Rydin C, Pedersen KR, Crane PR, Friis EM. 2006. Former diversity of Ephedra (Gnetales): evidence from Early Cretaceous seeds from Portugal and North America. Annals of Botany 98:123140.
  • Rydin C, Pedersen KR, Friis EM. 2004. On the evolutionary history of Ephedra: Cretaceous fossils and extant molecules. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101: 1657116576.
  • Smith AG, Smith DG, Funnell BM. 1994. Atlas of Mesozoic and Cenozoic coastlines. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. 55.
  • Sun G ( inline image ), Zheng S-L ( inline image ), Dilcher DL, Wang Y-D ( inline image ), Mei S-W ( inline image ). 2001. Early angiosperms and their associated plants from western Liaoning, China ( inline image ). Shanghai : Shanghai Scientific and Technological Education Publishing House. 227.
  • Sun Z-M ( inline image ), Xu K ( inline image ), Ma X-H ( inline image ), Liang H-D ( inline image ), Yang T-S ( inline image ), Li R-H ( inline image ), Li Y ( inline image ), Zhao Y ( inline image ). 2002. Magnetostratigraphy of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary near Bird-bearing Beds in western Liaoning. Acta Geologica Sinica ( inline image ) 76: 317324.
  • Swisher III CC, Wang X-L, Zhou Z-H, Wang Y-Q, Jin F, Zhang J-Y, Xu X, Zhang F-C, Wang Y 2002. Further support for a Cretaceous age for the feathered-dinosaur beds of Liaoning, China: New 40Ar/39Ar dating of the Yixian and Tuchengzi Formation. Chinese Science Bulletin 47: 135138.
  • Van Steenis CGGJ. 19481954. Flora Malesiana. Ser. 1 Spermatophyta. P. Noordhoff Ltd. 4: 631.
  • Wang C-S ( inline image ), Hu X-M ( inline image ). 2005. Cretaceous world and oceanic red bed. Earth Science Frontier ( inline image ) 12 (2): 1121.
  • Wang Z-Q. 2004. A new Permian gnetalean cone as fossil evidence for supporting current molecular phylogeny. Annals of Botany 94: 281288.
  • Wilson PA, Norris RD. 2001. Warm tropical ocean surface and global anoxia during the mid-Cretaceous period. Nature 412: 425429.
  • Winter KU, Becker A, Muenster T, Kim JT, Saedler H, Theissen G. 1999. MADS-box genes reveal that gnetophytes are more closely related to conifers than to flowering plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 96: 73427347.
  • Won H, Renner SS. 2006. Dating dispersal and radiation in the gymnosperm Gnetum (Gnetales)—Clock calibration when outgroup relationships are uncertain. Systematic Biology 55: 610622.
  • Yang Y, Geng B-Y, Dilcher DL, Chen Z-D, Lott TA. 2005. Morphology and affinities of an Early Cretaceous Ephedra (Ephedraceae) from China. American Journal of Botany 92: 231241.
  • Zhang H ( inline image ), Liu X-M ( inline image ), Yuan H-L ( inline image ), Hu Z-C ( inline image ), Diwu C-R ( inline image ). 2006. U-Pb isotopic age of the Lower Yixian Formation in Lingyuan of Western Liaoning and its significance. Geological Review ( inline image ) 52: 6371.
  • Zhang L-D ( inline image ), Guo S-Z ( inline image ), Zhang C-J ( inline image ), Peng Y-D ( inline image ), Chen S-W ( inline image ), Xing D-H ( inline image ), Ding Q-H ( inline image ), Zheng Y-J ( inline image ). 2004. The lithostratigraphic characteristics of Yixian Formation in Beipiao-Yixian area, Liaoning Province. Geology and Resoures ( inline image ) 13(2): 6574.
  • Zhu R-X, Saho J-A, Pan Y-X, Shi R-P, Shai G-H, Li D-M. 2002. Paleomagnetic data from Early Cretaceous volcanic rocks of west Liaoning: evidence for intracontinental rotation. Chinese Science Bulletin 47: 18321837.