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- EGFR mutations are predictors of TKI treatment response
- T790M mutation is associated with acquired resistance to EGFR TKI
- Overcoming resistance to TKI mediated by EGFR T790M mutation
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase domain mutations (from exon 18 to 21) alter the efficacy of the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib (Iressa) and erlotinib (Tarceva). Lung cancer patients with drug-sensitive EGFR mutations initially respond, but acquire resistance after approximately one year of tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment. This review summarizes EGFR gene mutation profiles for East Asian non-small-cell lung cancer patients according to recent publications. Strategies for the treatment of acquired resistance mediated by EGFR T790M are also reviewed.