THE IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY ON HOUSEHOLDS – A REVIEW OF HOUSEHOLD STUDIES

Authors


  • This research paper was sponsored by USAID, DFID and AUSAID and administered by JEAPP under subcontract from Nathan and Associates Inc. The authors acknowledge Dr Stephen Dike and Dr Hilary Southall for their valuable comments.

Abstract

Thirty two studies of the impact of HIV/AIDS on households conducted over the last decade were reviewed. The direct and indirect costs of HIV/AIDS to households increase with severity of illness and ultimately death. HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality affect household income and expenditure patterns. Households employ various survival strategies to alleviate loss of labour and income, survive the financial cost and optimise the use of safety networks. Various gaps were found in the literature, which future studies could explore. Household surveys should be multi-disciplinary and longitudinal in nature so that the full impact of HIV/AIDS could be assessed over time.

Ancillary