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Keywords:

  • Candida albicans;
  • adhesion;
  • hyphae;
  • denture

Abstract

Candida species are yeasts and within the oral cavity, Candida albicans is the most frequently isolated. There is clear evidence that C. albicans adheres to oral surfaces including acrylic dentures and mucosa. The mechanisms of attachment differ, with candidal adhesion to inert surfaces under the control of hydrophobic and electrostatic forces and adhesion to mucosa dependent on a number of complex ligand-recognition systems. Other factors within the oral environment such as saliva, pH, bacteria and hyphal formation have been shown to influence adhesion of candida species to surfaces in the mouth.