• 1
    White GC, Rosendaal F, Aledort LM, et al. Definitions in hemophilia. Recommendation of the Scientific Subcommittee on Factor VIII and Factor IX of the Scientific and Standardization Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Thromb Haemost 2001;85:560.
  • 2
    Nichols WL, Hultin MB, James AH, et al. von Willebrand disease (VWD): evidence-based diagnosis and management guidelines, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) expert panel report (USA). Haemophilia 2008;14:171232.
  • 3
    Stubbs M, Lloyd J. A protocol for the dental management of von Willebrand’s disease, haemophilia A and haemophilia B. Aust Dent J 2001;46:3740.
  • 4
    Australian Health Minister Advisory Council. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the use of recombinant and plasma-derived FVIII and FIX products 2006. URL: ‘’. Accessed May 2010.
  • 5
    Israels S, Schwetz N, Boyar R, McNicol A. Bleeding disorders: characterization, dental considerations and management. J Can Dent Assoc 2006;72:827.
  • 6
    Brewer A, Correa ME. Guidelines for dental treatment of patients with inherited bleeding disorders. World Federation of Hemophilia Treatment of Hemophilia Monograph, 2006. URL: ‘’. Accessed May 2010.
  • 7
    Hewson I, Makhmalbaf P, Street A. Dental surgery with minimal factor support in the inherited bleeding disorder population at the Alfred Hospital. Haemophilia 2011;17:e185188.
  • 8
    Harrington B. Primary dental care of patients with hemophilia. World Federation of Hemophilia Treatment of Hemophilia Monograph No. 3, 2004. URL: ‘’. Accessed May 2010.
  • 9
    Brewer AK, Roebuck EM, Donachie M, et al. The dental management of adult patients with haemophilia and other congenital bleeding disorders. Haemophilia 2003;9:673677.
  • 10
    Gupta A, Epstein JB, Cabay RJ. Bleeding disorders of importance in dental care and related patient management. J Can Dent Assoc 2007;73:7783.
  • 11
    Gornitsky M, Hammouda W, Rosen H. Rehabilitation of a hemophiliac with implants: a medical perspective and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005;63:592597.