Radiologic interpretation is a complex process which involves the application of an appropriate algorithm in the study of radiologic images and the ability to understand the meaning and to weight the various findings, ultimately contributing to diagnosis. Prerequisites include the knowledge of orofacial radiologic anatomy and the various pathoses which may arise or manifest in this region of the body. An understanding of the strengths and limitations of the modality employed is also essential. The process of interrogating radiologic images for abnormalities varies, depending on the modality. This paper outlines the basic steps involved in the radiologic examination of abnormalities which affect the jaws, primarily in relation to plain 2-D imaging.