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A Review of Management Practices for the Control of Anthrax in Animals: The 2005 Anthrax Epizootic in North Dakota – Case Study

Authors

  • M. Ndiva Mongoh,

    1.  Natural Resources Management, College of Agriculture, Food Systems & Natural Resources, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
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  • N. W. Dyer,

    1.  Department of Veterinary Diagnostic Services, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
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  • C. L. Stoltenow,

    1.  Department of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture, Food Systems & Natural Resources, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
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  • R. Hearne,

    1.  Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics, College of Agriculture, Food Systems & Natural Resources, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
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  • M. L. Khaitsa

    1.  Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, College of Agriculture, Food Systems & Natural Resources, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
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Dr M. L. Khaitsa. Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, College of Agriculture, Food Systems & Natural Resources, North Dakota State University, PO Box 5406, Fargo, ND 58105-5406, USA. Tel.: (001) 701-231-5946; Fax: (001) 701-231-7514; E-mail: margaret.khaitsa@ndsu.edu

Summary

Outbreaks of anthrax have diverse consequences on society. Establishing the appropriate control strategies is very important and crucial in reducing the socio-economic impact of the disease. Control measures are aimed at breaking the cycle of infection, and their implementation must be adhered to rigorously. The objectives of this paper were: (i) to review the control strategies currently used in management of anthrax in animals and (ii) to describe management strategies used by producers in North Dakota during the 2005 anthrax outbreak in livestock. Anthrax control strategies were divided in to strategies that apply before, during, and after an anthrax outbreak. This paper also highlights the problems or constraints faced by North Dakota producers in controlling anthrax during the outbreak of 2005.

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