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Treatment Abandonment in Feline Sporotrichosis – Study of 147 Cases

Authors

  • A. R. Chaves,

    1.  Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas (IPEC) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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  • M. P. de Campos,

    1.  Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas (IPEC) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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  • M. B. L. Barros,

    1.  Escola Nacional de Saúde Publica Sérgio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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  • C. N. do Carmo,

    1.  Instituto de Matemática, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
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  • I. D. F. Gremião,

    1.  Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas (IPEC) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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  • S. A. Pereira,

    1.  Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas (IPEC) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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  • T. M. P. Schubach

    1.  Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica em Dermatozoonoses em Animais Domésticos, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas (IPEC) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), RJ, Brazil
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A. R. Chaves. Laboratory of Clinical Research in Dermatozoonoses in Domestic Animals (LAPCLIN-DERMZOO) - Evandro Chagas Clinical Research Institute, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, RJ, Brazil. Tel./Fax: 38659553; E-mail: adrianachavesvet@gmail.com

Summary

This study describes the epidemiological, clinical and mycological aspects of feline sporotrichosis cases attending the Laboratory of Clinical Research on Dermatozoonosis in Domestic Animals – Evandro Chagas Clinical Research Institute (LAPCLIN-DERMZOO/IPEC/FIOCRUZ), from 1998 to 2005. It was possible to get in contact with 147 (19.2%) cat owners. One hundred and thirteen (76.9%) cats were male, 117 (79.6%) had no defined race and 87 (59.2%) were sexually intact. The age ranged from 72 to 216 months (median = 108 months). Nineteen cats were reassessed: eleven (57.8%) were male, thirteen (36.8%) were breed and fifteen (47.3%) castrated. Fourteen (52.6%) animals lived at home and did not roamed the streets. Seven (36.8%) had normal clinical findings and negative mycological examination. Twelve (63.1%) cats had skin lesions compatible with sporotrichosis. Thirty-one (21%, = 147) cats disappeared after abandoning treatment, 36 (24.5%, = 147) were alive and 80 (54.4%, = 147) had died. Causes of death informed by the owners were: sporotrichosis in 35 (43.7%, = 80), accidental death in 27 (33.7%, = 80) and other diseases in 18 (22.5%, = 80). Withdrawal of treatment occurred mainly at the time of clinical improvement and may represent a serious obstacle to the control of sporotrichosis.

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