Dr. Godfrey is a professor of geography at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York 12604–0482.
REVISITING RIO DE JANEIRO AND SÃO PAULO*
Article first published online: 21 APR 2010
1999 American Geographical Society
Volume 89, Issue 1, pages 94–121, January 1999
How to Cite
GODFREY, B. J. (1999), REVISITING RIO DE JANEIRO AND SÃO PAULO. Geographical Review, 89: 94–121. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.1999.tb00203.x
A travel grant from the Vassar College Committee on Research permitted fieldwork in Brazil. I also gratefully acknowledge the advice and assistance of Marcos Aspahan, James Curtis, Russell Dover, Katia Brakarz Konarski, Jurandyr Florentino Miguez, and Olyntho Resende at various stages of my research.
- Issue published online: 21 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 21 APR 2010
- historical geography;
- Rio de Janeiro;
- SÃo Paulo;
ABSTRACT. Contrasting models of urban development characterize the historical-geographical evolution of Brazil's two leading cities, viewed in an updating of the seminal 1933 article by Preston James. Native to Rio de Janeiro is a distinctive Luso-Brazilian style of irregular coastal urbanization, whereas SÃo Paulo displays a more uniform, modern type of inland commercial-industrial expansion. Even as Rio de Janeiro and SÃo Paulo sprawl today to form a virtual megalopolis in southeastern Brazil, they retain distinguishing roles in the national city system. Both metropolises are experiencing increasing functional decentralization and socioeconomic polarization, but in their own characteristic fashions. Generalized models of “Latin American city structure” are of limited value, unless they take into account such significant historical-geographical variations in urban form.