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    The field research for this paper was funded by grants from the Charles Wagley Endowed Fellowship Fund and the Tinker Foundation, both through the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Florida. I wish also to thank the Tropical Conservation and Development Program for generous financial support. I am very grateful to the following persons: Marianne Schmink, Peter Hildebrand, Nigel Smith, Edward Malecki, and my most competent research assistant, Paula Silveira. Several people from the nongovernmental organization Research and Extension in Agroforestry Systems of Acre helped me in numerous ways, from linking me up with a research assistant to being an intermediary contact with the municipal government of Rio Branco. Most of all, I wish to thank the participants from the Municipal Pole for Agroforestry Production who graciously gave of their precious time, knowledge, and hospitality.


ABSTRACT. Together, urbanization and the search for sustainable development present a dilemma in the Brazilian Amazon: how to accommodate an expanding urban population while creating and maintaining sustainable production systems that feed the people and manage the forest. A unique peri-urban agroforestry project, implemented by a municipal government in western Amazonia and concerned with a citywide influx of rural agriculturalists and former forest-dwelling extractive producers, is examined as a source of food and self-determination. Peri-urban agroforestry seems to be a viable option for other Amazonian cities that are experiencing increasing urbanization and its associated problems.