Dr. Halvorson is an assistant professor of geography at the University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812.
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS AND GENDER IN THE KARAKORAM-HIMALAYA, NORTHERN PAKISTAN*
Article first published online: 21 APR 2010
2002 American Geographical Society
Volume 92, Issue 2, pages 257–281, April 2002
How to Cite
HALVORSON, S. J. (2002), ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS AND GENDER IN THE KARAKORAM-HIMALAYA, NORTHERN PAKISTAN. Geographical Review, 92: 257–281. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2002.tb00007.x
This research was supported by grants from the Fulbright Foundation in Pakistan, the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, and the Department of Geography and the Graduate School at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Many thanks to James L. Wescoat Jr., Rachel Silvey, Tom Perreault, Kathleen O'Reilly, Richa Nagar, Donald Friend, Paul Starrs, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and constructive criticism on previous versions of this article. Also, thanks are due to Zeba Rasmussen and the Aga Khan Health Services, Pakistan for field support and to Muki Bano and Sherbaz Khan for their assistance with interview translations.
- Issue published online: 21 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 21 APR 2010
- environmental health risk;
- mountain development;
ABSTRACT. Many mountain peoples face water and environmental health problems. At particular risk is the health of women and of children who live in remote and marginalized mountain areas. Environmental health concerns are often associated with the waterborne parasitic and endemic diseases responsible for much child morbidity and mortality in the Karakoram-Himalaya of northern Pakistan. Poor environmental health and water-quality conditions affect child survival, and challenges to viable local interventions are severe. Transformations in women's productive and reproductive work have health consequences for children, and gender and household dynamics shape and mediate women's responses to environmental health risks. Significantly, these findings draw attention to the need for improved water and health policy, especially policy that recognizes different gender and child-care roles in mountainous regions of the developing world.