Dr. Wikle is a professor of geography at Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078-4073.
CELLULAR TOWER PROLIFERATION IN THE UNITED STATES
Version of Record online: 21 APR 2010
2002 American Geographical Society
Volume 92, Issue 1, pages 45–62, January 2002
How to Cite
WIKLE, T. A. (2002), CELLULAR TOWER PROLIFERATION IN THE UNITED STATES. Geographical Review, 92: 45–62. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2002.tb00133.x
- Issue online: 21 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 21 APR 2010
- landscape aesthetics;
- wireless communication
ABSTRACT. Since the early 1980s the growing popularity of cellular communication has wrought dramatic landscape changes on the American scene through an invasion of thousands of cellular telephone towers. Objections raised to new tower construction by local residents, interest groups, and regulatory boards range from visual impacts to perceived health risks. This essay traces the origins of wireless telephony, its proliferation across the United States, and the visual impacts associated with tower construction. Three stages in the geographical expansion of wireless networks are identified.