Dr. Ueland is an assistant professor of geography at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701.
RACIALIZED TOPOGRAPHIES: ALTITUDE AND RACE IN SOUTHERN CITIES*
Version of Record online: 21 APR 2010
2006 American Geographical Society
Volume 96, Issue 1, pages 50–78, January 2006
How to Cite
UELAND, J. and WARF, B. (2006), RACIALIZED TOPOGRAPHIES: ALTITUDE AND RACE IN SOUTHERN CITIES. Geographical Review, 96: 50–78. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2006.tb00387.x
The authors wish to thank three anonymous reviewers for their careful and helpful comments.
- Issue online: 21 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 21 APR 2010
- environmental justice;
- residential segregation;
- urban housing;
- U.S. South
ABSTRACT. This study examines altitudinal residential segregation by race in 146 cities in the U.S. South. It begins by embedding the topic in recent theorizations of the social construction of nature, the geography of race, and environmental justice. Second, it focuses on how housing markets, particularly in the South, tend to segregate minorities in low-lying, flood-prone, and amenity-poor segments of urban areas. It tests empirically the hypothesis that blacks are disproportionately concentrated in lower-altitude areas using gis to correlate race and elevation by digital elevation-model block group within each city in 1990 and 2000. The statistical results confirm the suspected trend. A map of coefficients indicates strong positive associations in cities in the interior South-where the hypothesis is confirmed-and an inverse relationship near the coast, where whites dominate higher-valued coastal properties. Selected city case studies demonstrate these relationships connecting the broad dynamics of racial segregation to the particularities of individual places.