We wish to thank Nancy O'Malley, Neal Hammon, Tom Conforti, and Jeff Renner for their contributions to this project, be it archival research or fieldwork that provided ground truth for several trail segments. Thanks to the Kentucky Office of Geographic Information for its assistance and to Alex Thor, who was a valuable liaison with the commonwealth park service. Partial funding for this project has been provided by the Federal Highway Administration Transportation Enhancement as administered by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet.
MAPPING KENTUCKY'S FRONTIER TRAILS THROUGH GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND CARTOGRAPHIC APPLICATIONS†
Article first published online: 29 JUN 2010
© 2010 by the American Geographical Society of New York
Volume 100, Issue 3, pages 312–335, July 2010
How to Cite
RAITZ, K. B., LEVY, J. E. and GILBREATH, R. A. (2010), MAPPING KENTUCKY'S FRONTIER TRAILS THROUGH GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND CARTOGRAPHIC APPLICATIONS. Geographical Review, 100: 312–335. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2010.00039.x
- Issue published online: 29 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 29 JUN 2010
- historical maps;
- historical roads;
- topographic surface
Historical first-generation frontier roads in America's trans-Appalachian West often evolved from buffalo and Indian trails into pioneer routeways such as Daniel Boone's Trace and, eventually, into twentieth-century hard-surface highways. Period cartographers found these routes difficult to document accurately, and present-day scholars often depict them only on small-scale maps, which simply illustrate connections between origin and destination points. Accurately mapping Kentucky's first-generation roads at large scale requires detailed site and contextual topographic information over long distances, but historical maps, diaries, surveyors' reports, and other period documents often lack sufficient detail for route-related sites to support mapping. Use of gis software enables positioning historical routes onto U.S. Geological Survey contour- and hill-shaded base maps by mapping verifiable locations and linking them through interpretation of best-choice routes that consider frontier migrants' transportation priorities, such as direction, distance, gradient, and land-surface character.