This work was supported by a Troy University Faculty Development Committee Research Grant.
TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL DIMENSIONS OF NEWLY INCORPORATED MUNICIPALITIES IN THE UNITED STATES*
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
© 2013 by the American Geographical Society of New York
Volume 103, Issue 1, pages 59–79, January 2013
How to Cite
WALDNER, L., RICE, K. and SMITH, R. M. (2013), TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL DIMENSIONS OF NEWLY INCORPORATED MUNICIPALITIES IN THE UNITED STATES. Geographical Review, 103: 59–79. doi: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2013.00186.x
- Issue published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
- boundary change;
- metropolitan fragmentation;
- municipal incorporation;
- newly incorporated municipalities
Scholarly literature on newly incorporated municipalities (nims) often focuses on why nims form. Instead of asking why nims formed, however, we ask why nims stopped forming. We first establish a temporal context for nims from 1950 to 2010, revealing an 86.2 percent decline in nim formation. The decline, triggered by stricter laws, smaller annexations, declining suburbanization, and boundary ossification, has profound implications for metropolitan fragmentation and public choice. We then establish a state-level spatial context, revealing distinct high-nim, low-nim, and flux states due to boundary ossification, growth, and state/regional policy stimuli such as consolidation efforts, grants, and growth management provisions.