For very helpful comments on earlier versions, I want to thank Lanier Anderson, Paul Guyer, Thomas Pogge, Sally Sedgwick, Amie Thomasson, Corina Vaida, and members of the Midwest Kant Study Group who heard portions of this paper at their Fall 2001 meeting in East Lansing, Michigan. I also thank Margaret Gilbert and the rest of the audience at the January 2002 Miami Action Theory and Social Ontology Meeting, and an anonymous referee for this journal, whose comments forced necessary clarifications.
External Freedom in Kant's Rechtslehre: Political, Metaphysical1
Version of Record online: 29 MAY 2007
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Volume 68, Issue 3, pages 578–601, May 2004
How to Cite
ULEMAN, J. K. (2004), External Freedom in Kant's Rechtslehre: Political, Metaphysical. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 68: 578–601. doi: 10.1111/j.1933-1592.2004.tb00367.x
- Issue online: 29 MAY 2007
- Version of Record online: 29 MAY 2007
- Cited By
External freedom is the central good protected in Kant's legal and political philosophy. But external freedom is perplexing, being at once freedom of spatio-temporal movement and a form of noumenal or ‘intelligible’freedom. Moreover, it turns out that identifying impairments to external freedom nearly always involves recourse to an elaborated system of positive law, which seems to compromise external freedom's status as a prior, organizing good. Drawing heavily on Kant's understanding of the role of empirical ‘anthropological’information in constructing a Doctrine of Right, or Rechtslehre, this essay offers an interpretation of external freedom that makes sense of its simultaneous spatio-temporality, dependence on positive law, intelligibility (or ‘noumenality’), and a priority. The essay suggests that this account of Kantian external freedom has implications both for politics and for the metaphysics of everyday objects and institutions.