Alison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Patricia K. Kuhl, The Scientist in the Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us about the Mind (New York: HarperCollins, 1999), 38-39.
Caring and Internality
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2007
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Volume 74, Issue 3, pages 529–568, May 2007
How to Cite
JAWORSKA, A. (2007), Caring and Internality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 74: 529–568. doi: 10.1111/j.1933-1592.2007.00039.x
- Issue published online: 6 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2007
In his work on internality, identification, and caring, Harry Frankfurt attempts to delineate the organization of agency peculiar to human beings, while avoiding the traditional overintellectualized emphasis on the human capacity to reason about action. The focal point of Frankfurt’s alternative picture is our capacity to make our own motivation the object of reflection. Building upon the observation that marginal agents (such as young children and Alzheimer’s patients) are capable of caring, I show that neither caring nor internality need to depend on the phenomena of reflectiveness. I develop alternative interlocking accounts of caring and internality that are independent of both reflectiveness and evaluation, but that can still do justice to the central role of carings in the organization of agency characteristic of human persons.