Andrew A. King is an Assistant Professor of management and operations management at the Stern School of Business at New York University. He is the founder and coordinator of the Business and Environment Program at Stern. He has held visiting positions at both the University of Michigan and MIT. He was the 1999 AT&T Fellow for Industrial Ecology, and his thesis was awarded the Zannetos Thesis Prize. He currently directs an EPA-funded research effort on how voluntary agreements influence environmental performance. Andy holds a Ph.D. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley, and a B.A. in mechanical engineering from Brown University.
LEAN AND GREEN? AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEAN PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
© 2001 Production and Operations Management Society
Production and Operations Management
Volume 10, Issue 3, pages 244–256, September 2001
How to Cite
KING, A. A. and LENOX, M. J. (2001), LEAN AND GREEN? AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEAN PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE. Production and Operations Management, 10: 244–256. doi: 10.1111/j.1937-5956.2001.tb00373.x
Michael J. Lenox is an Assistant Professor of management at the Stern School of Business at New York University. He studies the economics of organization with an interest in the role of incentives and information on the rate and direction of innovation within firms. He has an applied interest in understanding under what circumstances firms pursue innovative activities that have a public good spillover, in particular, innovations that benefit the natural environment. Michael holds a Ph.D. in technology management and policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a B.S. and M.S. in systems engineering from the University of Virginia.
- Issue published online: 5 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
- Received February 2000; revision received September 2000; accepted November 2000.
- LEAN PRODUCTION;
- ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE;
- ISO 9000;
- ISO 14000
Lean production may have a significant public good spillover—improved environmental performance. However, empirical evidence of the link between lean production practices and environmental performance has not resolved the nature of the relationship. To explore this issue, we conduct an empirical analysis of the environmental performance of 17,499 U.S. manufacturing establishments during the time period 1991–1996. We find that those establishments that adopt the quality management standard ISO 9000 are more likely to adopt the environmental management standard ISO 14000. We also find strong evidence that lean production, as measured by ISO 9000 adoption and low chemical inventories, is complementary to waste reduction and pollution reduction.