This work was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Grant R01 DA 013549.
That Which Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger: Runaway Youth’s Resilience to Depression in the Family Context
Article first published online: 24 MAY 2010
© 2010 American Orthopsychiatric Association
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume 80, Issue 2, pages 195–203, April 2010
How to Cite
Erdem, G. and Slesnick, N. (2010), That Which Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger: Runaway Youth’s Resilience to Depression in the Family Context. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80: 195–203. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01023.x
- Issue published online: 24 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 24 MAY 2010
- runaway youth;
- parental depression;
- family processes;
- risk factors;
- protective factors;
The present study sought to uncover the relationship between risk and protective factors for depressive symptomatology among runaway youth. To that aim, 3 models of resiliency—the compensatory, risk-protective, and challenge models—were tested separately on girls and boys. The data came from a cross-sectional survey on a sample of 140 runaway adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 years who were recruited from the only runaway crisis shelter in a large Midwestern city. Risk factors in the proposed model included primary caretaker’s depressive symptoms, family conflict, and adolescent’s and primary caretaker’s verbal aggression; protective factors included adolescent’s report of task-oriented coping and family cohesion. Findings supported the challenge model for predicting adolescent depressive symptoms, suggesting that moderate levels of risk can be beneficial for these runaway adolescents. In addition, risk and protective factors differed by adolescent gender. Implications for preventive interventions and future research are discussed.