• Open Access

Cardiac Contractility

A Review

Authors

  • Grant G. Knowlen DVM, PhD,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington
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    • 4

      Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6610

  • N. Bari Olivier DVM,

    1. Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
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  • Mark D. Kittleson DVM, PhD

    1. Department of Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California
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