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  • 1
    Drazner FR. Hepatic encephalopathy in the dog. In: KirkRW, ed. Current Veterinary Therapy VIII. Philadelphia : WB Saunders, 1983; 829834.
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    Ewing GO, Suter PF, Bailey CS. Hepatic insufficiency associated with congenital anomalies of the portal vein in dogs. J Am An Hosp Assoc 1974; 10:463476.
  • 3
    Simpson ST, Hribernik TN. Portosystemic shunts in the dog: Two case reports. Journal of Small Animal Practice 1976; 17:163170.
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    Barrett RE, DeLahunta A., Roenick WJ, et al. Four cases of congenital portal caval shunts in the dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 1976; 17:7185.
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    Lohse CL, Selcer RR, Suter PF. Hepatoencephalopathy associated with situs inversus of abdominal organs and vascular anomalies in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1976; 168:687688.
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    Maretta SM, Pask AJ, Greene RW, et al. Urinary calculi associated with portosystemic shunts in six dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981; 178:133137.
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    Vulgamott, JC, Tumwald GH, King GH, et al. Congenital portacaval anomalies in the cat: Two case reports. J Am An Hosp Assoc 1981; 16:915919.
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    Cornelius LM, Thrall DE, Halliwell WH, et al. Anomalous portosystemic anastomoses associated with chronic hepatic insufficiency in six young dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1975; 167:220228.
  • 9
    Boyer TD. Major sequelae of cirrhosis: Portal hypertension. In: WyngaardenJB, SmithLH, eds. Cecil, Textbook of Medicine. 16th ed. Philadelphia : WB Saunders, 1982; 804810.
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    Sherlock S. Progress report: Portal circulation and portal hypertension. Gut 1978; 19:7083.
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    Sherlock S., Summerskill WHJ, White LP, et al. Portal-systemic encephalopathy: Neurologic complications of liver disease. Lancet 1954; 267:453457.
  • 12
    Hardy RM. Diseases of the liver. In: EttingerSJ, ed. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 2nd ed. Philadelphia : WB Saunders, 1983; 14121417.
  • 13
    Hornof WJ, Koblik PD, Breznock EM. Radiocolloid scintigraphy as an aid to the diagnosis of congenital portacaval anomalies in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1983; 182:4446.
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    Koblik PD, Hornof WJ, Breznock EM. Use of quantitative hepatic scintigraphy to evaluate spontaneous portosystemic shunts in 12 dogs. Vet Radiol 1983; 24:232236.
  • 15
    Koblik PD, Hornof WJ, Breznock EM. Quantitative Hepatic Scintigraphy in the dog. Vet Radiol 1983; 24:226231.
  • 16
    O'Connor MK, MacMethuna P., Keeling PWN. Hepatic arterial and portal venous components of liver blood flow: A dynamic scintigraphic study. J Nucl Med 1988; 29:466472.
  • 17
    Koblik PD, Yen CK, Hornof WJ, et al. Use of transcolonic 123I-iodoamphetamine to diagnose spontaneous portosystemic shunts in 18 dogs. Vet Radio 1989; 30:6773.
  • 18
    Yen CK, Pollycove RC, Lin TH, et al. Portosystemic shunt fraction quantitation with colonic iodine-123 iodoamphetamine. J Nucl Med 1986; 27:13211326.
  • 19
    Caride VJ. Rectal absorption of 99mTc-Pertechnetate in the dog. J Nucl Med 1973; 14:600603.
  • 20
    Shiomi S., Kuroki T., Kurai O., et al. Portal circulation by technetium-99m pertechnetate per-rectal portal scintigraphy. J Nucl Med 1988; 29:460465.
  • 21
    Urbain D., Jeghers O., Ham HR. Per-rectal portal scintigraphy: Comparison between technetium-99m, thallium-201, and iodine-123-HIPDM. J Nucl Med 1988; 29:20202021.
  • 22
    Daniel GB, Bright R., Monnet E., et al. Comparison of Per-Rectal Portal Scintigraphy Using 99mTechnetium Pertechnetate to Mesenteric Injection of Radioactive Microspheres for Quantification of Portosystemic Shunts in an Experimental Dog Model. Vet Radiol (in press).
  • 23
    Schaeffer MC, Rogers QR, Buffington CA, et al. Long-term biochemical and physiological effects of surgically placed portacaval shunts in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1986; 47:346355.
  • 24
    Griffiths GL, Lunsden JH, Vallie VEO. Hematological and biochemical changes in dogs with portosystemic shunts. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1981; 17:705710.
  • 25
    Meyer DJ, Strombeck DR, Stone EA, et al. Ammonia tolerance test in clinically normal dogs and in dogs with portosystemic shunts. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1978; 173:377379.
  • 26
    Center SA, Baldwin GH, de Lahunta A., et al. Evaluation of serum bile acid concentrations for the diagnosis of portosystemic venous anomalies in the dog and cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1985; 186:10901094.
  • 27
    Suter PF. Portal vein anomalies in the dog: Their angiographic diagnosis. Vet Radiol 1975; 26:8497.
  • 28
    Schmidt S., Suter PF. Angiography of the hepatic and portal venous system in the dog and cat: An investigative method. Vet Radiol 1980; 21:5777.