• 1
    Ewing GO, Suter PF, Bailey CS. Hepatic insufficiency associated with congenital anomalies of the portal vein in dogs. Journal of the American Animal Health Association 1974;10:463476.
  • 2
    Griffiths GL, Lumsden JH, Valli VEO. Hematologic and biochemical changes in dogs with portosystemic shunts. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1981;17:705710.
  • 3
    Johnson CA, Armstrong PJ, Hauptman JG. Congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs: 46 cases (1979–1986). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1987;191:14781483.
  • 4
    Meyer DJ, Harvey JW. Hematologic changes associated with serum and hepatic iron alterations in dogs with congenital portosystemic vascular anomalies. J Vet Intern Med 1994;8:5556.
  • 5
    Harvey JW, French TW, Meyer DJ. Chronic iron deficiency anemia in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1982;18:946960.
  • 6
    Weiser G., O'Grady M. Erythrocyte volume distribution analysis and hematologic changes in dogs with iron deficiency anemia. Vet Pathol 1983;20:230241.
  • 7
    Bunch SE, Jordan HL, Sellon JK, et al. Iron status in 12 dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts. J Vet Intern Med 1992;6:126 (abstract).
  • 8
    Bunch SE, McGahan MC. Measurement of serum iron, total iron-binding capacity and transferrin in 21 dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts. J Vet Intern Med 1994;8:156 (abstract).
  • 9
    Feldman BF, Kaneko JJ, Farver TB. Anemia of inflammatory disease in the dog: Clinical characterization. Am J Vet Res 1981;42:11091113.
  • 10
    Smith JE. Iron metabolism in dogs and cats. The Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 1982;14:3943.
  • 11
    Laflamme DP, Mahaffey EA, Allen SW, et al: Microcytosis and iron status in dogs with surgically induced portosystemic shunts. J Vet Intern Med 1994;8: 212217.
  • 12
    Center SA, Magne ML. Historical, physical examination, and clinicopathologic features of portosystemic vascular anomalies in the dog and cat. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 1990;5:8393.
  • 13
    Center SA. Liver function tests in the diagnosis of portosystemic vascular anomalies. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 1990;5:9499.
  • 14
    Lamb CR. Doppler ultrasonography of portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats: Updated results of a prospective study. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 1994;35:P30 (abstract).
  • 15
    Artiss JD, Vinogradov S., Zak B. Spectrophotometric study of several density reagents for serum iron. Clin Biochem 1981;14:311315.
  • 16
    Andrews GA, Smith JE, Gray M., et al. An improved ferritin assay for canine sera. Veterinary Clinical Pathology 1992;21:5760.
  • 17
    Demetriou JA, Drews PA, Gin JB. Determination of serum ceruloplasmin. In: HenryRJ, ed. Clinical Chemistry Principles and Technics, 2nd ed. New York , NY : Harper and Row; 1974:860864.
  • 18
    Scheuer PJ. Techniques. In: Liver Biopsy Interpretation, 3rd ed. London : Balliere Tindall; 1980:814.
  • 19
    Glantz SA, Slinker BK. Primer of Applied Regression and Analysis of Variance. New York , NY : McGraw-Hill; 1990:239271.
  • 20
    Neave HR, Worthington PL. Distribution-Free Tests. London : Unwin Hyman; 1988:89106.
  • 21
    Stone MS, Freden GO. Differentiation of anemia of inflammatory disease from anemia of iron deficiency. The Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 1990;12:963966.
  • 22
    Weeks BR, Smith JE, Northrup JK. Relationship of serum ferritin concentration, serum iron, and serum total iron-binding capacity to nonheme iron stores in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1989;50:198200.
  • 23
    Lee GR. The anemia of chronic disorders and microcytic anemias and disorders characterized by altered iron metabolism. In: LeeGR, BithellTC, FoersterJ., et al, eds. Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed. Philadelphia , PA : Lea and Febiger; 1993:791851.
  • 24
    Solter PF, Hoffman WE, Hungerford LL, et al. Haptoglobin and ceruloplasmin as determinants of inflammation in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1991;52:17381742.
  • 25
    Kobune M., Kohgo Y., Kato J., et al. Interleukin-6 enhances hepatic transferrin uptake and ferritin expression in rats. Hepatology 1994;19:14681475.
  • 26
    Lipschitz DA, Cook JD, Finch CA. A clinical evaluation of serum ferritin as an index of iron stores. N Engl J Med 1974;290:12131216.
  • 27
    Whipple GH, Robscheit-Robbins FS, Hawkins WB. Eck fistula liver subnormal in producing hemoglobin and plasma proteins on diets rich in liver and iron. J Exp Med 1945;81:171191.
  • 28
    Doberneck RC, Kline DG, Morse AS, et al. Relationship of hemosiderosis to portacaval shunting. Surgery 1963;54:912921.
  • 29
    Francavilla A., Jones AF, Benichou J., et al. The effect of portacaval shunt upon hepatic cholesterol synthesis and cyclic AMP in dogs and baboons. J Surg Res 1980;28:17.
  • 30
    Weeks BR, Smith JE, Stadler CK. Effect of dietary iron content on hematologic and other measures of iron adequacy in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1990;196:749753.
  • 31
    Schaeffer MC, Rogers QR, Buffington CA, et al: Long term biochemical and physiologic effects of surgically placed portacaval shunts in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1986;47: 346355.
  • 32
    Riveron E., Kurral JC, Henegar GC. Blood volume, water, and electrolyte spaces in human beings with cirrhosis and in dogs with eck's fistula. Surgical Forum 1966;17:365366.
  • 33
    Lauterburg B., Bircher J. Defective renal handling of water in the rat with a portacaval shunt. Eur J Clin Invest 1976;6:439444.
  • 34
    Lawrence D., Bellah J., Diaz R. Results of surgical management of portosystemic shunts in dogs: 20 cases (1985–1990). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992;201:17501753.