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  • 1
    Sisson DD, Thomas WP. Myocardial diseases. In: EttingerSJ, FeldmanEC. eds. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders 1995: 996.
  • 2
    Ettinger S., Lusk R., Brayley K., et al. Evaluation of enalapril therapy in dogs with heart failure in a large multicenter study. Proc 10th Annu Vet Forum, ACVIM, San Diego , CA ; 1992: 584585.
  • 3
    Calvert CA, Chapman WH, Toal RL. Congestive cardiomyopathy in Doberman pinscher dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1982; 181: 598602.
  • 4
    Calvert CA. Dilated congestive cardiomyopathy in Doberman pinschers. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 1986;6:417430.
  • 5
    Calvert CA, Brown J. Use of M-mode echocardiography in the diagnosis of cardiomyopathy in Doberman pinschers. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1986;189:293297.
  • 6
    Calvert CA. Long-term ambulatory electrocardiographic (Holter) monitoring as an aid in the diagnosis of occult cardiomyopathy in Doberman pinschers. Proceedings 9th Annu Vet Med Forum, ACVIM, New Orleans , LA ; 1991: 691692.
  • 7
    International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council. Recommendations for the Diagnosis of Heart Disease and the Treatment of Heart Failure in Small Animals. Academy of Veterinary Cardiology, San Diego , CA ; 1992: 5.
  • 8
    Petz R., Pike NC, Armitage P., et al. Design and analysis of randomized clinical trials requiring prolonged observation of each patient: II. Analysis and examples. Br J Cancer. 1977; 35: 139.
  • 9
    O'Grady MR, Home R. Occult dilated cardiomyopathy: An echocardiographic and electrocardiographic study of 193 asymptomatic Doberman pinschers. J Vet Intern Med. 1992; 6: 112 (abstract).
  • 10
    O'Grady MR, Horne R. Outcome of 103 asymptomatic Doberman pinschers: Incidence of dilated cardiomyopathy in a longitudinal study. J Vet Intern Med. 1995; 9 (abstract).
  • 11
    Smucker MA, Kaul S., Woodfield JA, et al. Naturally occurring cardiomyopathy in the Doberman pischer: A possible large animal model of human cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990; 16:200206.
  • 12
    Calvert CA. High resolution electrocardiography (signal averaged electrocardiography) in normal Doberman pinschers and Doberman pinschers with occult cardiomyopathy. Proc 9th Annu Vet Med Forum, ACVIM, New Orleans , LA ; 1991: 693695.
  • 13
    Calvert CA. Diagnosis and therapy of occult cardiomyopathy. Proc XVI World Vet Congress, Vienna ; 1991: 2739.
  • 14
    CONSENSUS Trial Study Group. Effects of enalapril on mortality in severe congestive heart failure: Results of the Cooperative North Scandinavian Enalapril Survival Study. N Engl J Med 1987; 316:14291435.
  • 15
    SOLVD Investigators. Effect on survival in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions and congestive heart failure. N Engl J Med 1991;325:293302.
  • 16
    Fox PR. The effect of drug therapy on clinical characteristics and outcome in dogs with heart failure. Proc 10th Annu Vet Forum, ACVIM, San Diego , CA ; 1992: 592593.