Portions of this material were originally presented in abstract form at the Veterinary Cancer Society Meeting, October 1994, Town-send, TN
Intravenous Human Immunoglobulin for the Treatment of Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in 13 Dogs
Article first published online: 5 FEB 2008
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume 11, Issue 6, pages 327–332, November 1997
How to Cite
Kellerman, D. L. and Bruyette, D. S. (1997), Intravenous Human Immunoglobulin for the Treatment of Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in 13 Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 11: 327–332. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1997.tb00475.x
- Issue published online: 5 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 5 FEB 2008
- Accepted February 21, 1997.
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVGG) was administered to 13 of 37 dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. All dogs received concurrent prednisone therapy, 14 dogs also received cyclophosphamide; and a single dog each received cyclosporine, azathioprines, and danazol. Dogs that responded to prednisone therapy without IVGG generally did so within 7 days (mean ± standard deviation = 5.6 ± 2.9 days). Intravenous immunoglobulin was administered after 10.4 ± 6.6 days of prednisone therapy as an intravenous infusion of 0.5 g/kg (range 0.25 to 0.73 g/kg). Eleven dogs received a single treatment, 2 dogs each received 2 treatments. No relevant adverse effects were noted. Eleven dogs had an increase in PCV of at least 4% 2.2 ±1.5 days after IVGG infusion. In 10 of these dogs, the PCV continued to increase until the time of hospital discharge. One responder died 1 hour after the increase in PCV, 1 dog was euthanized within 24 hours of IVGG administration, and 1 dog had no response over a period of 13 days. Results of this study suggest that IVGG therapy may be of value in dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia that do not respond within 7 days of appropriate corticosteroid therapy.