SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Detweiler DK, Patterson DF. The prevalence and types of cardiovascular disease in dogs. Ann NY Acad Sci 1965;127:481516.
  • 2
    O'Grady MR. Acquired valvular heart disease. In: EttingerSJ, FeldmanEC, eds. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Diseases of the Dog and Cat, 4th ed. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1995: 944959.
  • 3
    Thrusfield MV, Aitken CGG, Darke PGG. Observations on breed and sex in relation to canine heart valve incompetence. J Small Anim Pract 1985;26:709717.
  • 4
    Darke PGG. Valvular incompetence in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. Vet Rec 1987;120:365366.
  • 5
    Häggström J., Hansson K., Kvart C., Swenson L. Chronic valvular disease in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in Sweden. Vet Rec 1992; 131:549553.
  • 6
    Beardow AW, Buchanan JW. Chronic mitral valve disease in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels: 95 cases (1987–1991). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1993;203:10231029.
  • 7
    Häggström J., Kvart C., Hansson K. Heart sounds and murmurs: Changes related to severity of chronic valvular disease in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. J Vet Intern Med 1995;9:7585.
  • 8
    Rahko PS. Prevalence of regurgitant murmurs in patients with valvular regurgitation detected by Doppler echocardiography. Ann Intern Med 1989;iii:466472.
  • 9
    Roldan CA, Shively BK, Crawford MH. Value of the cardiovascular physical examination for detecting valvular heart disease in asymptomatic subjects. Am J Cardiol 1996;77:13271331.
  • 10
    Kinney EL. Causes of false-negative auscultation of regurgitant lesions: A Doppler echocardiographic study of 294 patients. J Gen Intern Med 1988;3:429434.
  • 11
    Swenson L., Häggström J., Kvart C., Juneja RK. Relationship between parental cardiac status in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and prevalence and severity of chronic valvular disease in offspring. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;208:20092012.
  • 12
    Luis Fuentes V. Control schemes for cardiac conditions in pedigree dogs. Proceedings of the 5th annual European Society of Veterinary Internal Medicine Congress, Cambridge, UK; 1995: 3234.
  • 13
    Fontana ME. Mitral valve prolapse: Physical examination and hemodynamics. In: BoudoulasH., WooleyCF, eds. Mitral Valve Prolapse and the Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome. Mount Kisco , NY : Futura Publishing; 1988: 217237.
  • 14
    Pedersen HD, Kristensen BØ, Lorentzen KA, et al. Mitral valve prolapse in 3-year-old healthy Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. An echocardiographic study. Can J Vet Res 1995;59:294298.
  • 15
    Pedersen HD, Kristensen BØ, Nerby B., Lorentzen KA. Echocardiographic study of mitral valve prolapse in Dachshunds. J Vet Med, Ser A 1996;43:103110.
  • 16
    Nakayama T., Wakao Y., Nemoto H., et al. Mitral valve protrusion assessed by use of B-mode echocardiography in dogs with mitral regurgitation. Am J Vet Res 1996;57:791797.
  • 17
    Thomas WP, Gaber CE, Jacobs GJ, et al. Recommendations for standards in transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography in the dog and cat. J Vet Intern Med 1993;7:247252.
  • 18
    Smith FWK, Tilley LP Rapid Interpretation of Heart Sounds, Murmurs, and Arrhythmias. A Guide to Cardiac Auscultation in Dogs and Cats. Philadelphia , PA : Lea & Febiger; 1992.
  • 19
    Siegel S. Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. Tokyo : McGraw-Hill; 1959: 96104.
  • 20
    Altman DG. Practical Statistics for Medical Research. London : Chapman & Hall; 1991: 396439.
  • 21
    Perry GJ, Bouchard A. Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of mitral regurgitation. Cardiol Clin 1990;8:265275.
  • 22
    Kvart C., French AT, Luis Fuentes V., et al. Analysis of murmur intensity, duration and frequency components in dogs with aortic stenosis. J Small Anim Pract 1998;39:318324.
  • 23
    Fontaine A., Levine R., Medrudez M., et al. Mitral regurgitation jet momentum quantification through digital auscultation: An in vitro study. J Am Coll Cardiol 1994;23:176A.
  • 24
    Criley JM, Siegel RJ. Functional anatomy and pathophysiology of mitral valve prolapse. In: BoudoulasH., WooleyCF, eds. Mitral Valve Prolapse and the Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome. Mount Kisco , NY : Futura Publishing; 1988: 187213.
  • 25
    Stoddard MF, Prince CR, Dillon S., et al. Exercise-induced mitral regurgitation is a predictor of morbid events in subjects with mitral valve prolapse. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995;25:693699.
  • 26
    Decoodt P., Peperstraete B., Kacenelenbogen R., et al. The spectrum of mitral regurgitation in idiopathic mitral valve prolapse: A color Doppler study. Int J Cardiac Imaging 19901991;6:4756.
  • 27
    You-Bing D., Takenaka K., Sakamoto T., et al. Follow-up in mitral valve prolapse by phonocardiography, m-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography and Doppler echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 1990;65:349354.
  • 28
    Ranganathan N., Silver MD, Robinson TI, Wilson JK. Idiopathic prolapsed mitral leaflet syndrome. Angiographic-clinical correlations. Circulation 1976;54:707716.
  • 29
    Feigenbaum H. Echocardiography, 5th ed. Philadelphia , PA : Lea & Febiger; 1994: 262269.
  • 30
    Nakayama T., Wakao Y., Takiguchi S., et al. Prevalence of valvular regurgitation in normal Beagle dogs detected by color Doppler echocardiography. J Vet Med Sci 1994;56:973975.
  • 31
    Pedersen HD, Lorentzen KA, Kristensen BØ. Observer variation in the two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of mitral valve prolapse in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1996;37:367372.
  • 32
    Häggström J. Chronic Valvular Disease in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. Epidemiology, Inheritance and Pathophysiology. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; 1996. Thesis.