The purpose of this study was to evaluate simplified methods for estimation of Technetium Tc 99m (99mTc)-pentetate and orthoio-dohippurate I 131 (131I-OIH) plasma clearance in dogs and cats with 1 and 2 blood samples. Plasma clearances were calculated after a bolus injection of 1.85—11.1 MBq of 99mTc-pentetate and 131I-OIH with a 2-compartment model based on a 12-point curve as a reference method in 21 dogs and 18 cats. Three 2-sample and 3 single-sample methods were investigated. The method yielding the smallest standard deviation of the difference between the reference method and the simplified method was selected as the optimal one. Linear regression analysis was performed between the reference method and the simplified method and coefficient of determination (R2) was calculated. For 99mTc-pentetate plasma clearance, the optimal 2-sample method was the one with a mono-compartment model with samples taken at specific times. For 131I-OIH plasma clearance, the estimation was improved slightly by raising the clearance calculated with a monocompartment model to the power of an empirically determined parameter. The optimal single-sample method was the one with a linear quadratic regression between the volume of distribution of the tracer at a specific time and the clearance calculated with 12 samples. Two-sample methods performed significantly better than did single-sample methods. The conclusion is made that 99mTc-pentetate and 131I-OIH plasma clearances can be estimated in dogs and cats with 1 or 2 blood samples with a reasonable margin of error compared to plasma clearances calculated with a 2-compartment model and 12 blood samples.