• 1
    Osborne CA, Kruger JM, Lulich JP, Polzin DJ. Feline lower urinary tract disorders. In: EttingerSJ, ed. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4th ed. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1995: 18051832.
  • 2
    Buffington CAT, Chew DJ, Kendall MS, et al. Clinical evaluation of cats with nonobstructive urinary tract diseases. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:4650.
  • 3
    Kruger JM, Osborne CA, Goyal SM. Clinical evaluation of cats with lower urinary tract disease. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1991;199:211216.
  • 4
    Kalkstein TS, Kruger JM, Osborne CA. Feline idiopathic lower urinary tract disease. Part 2: Potential causes. Compend Cont Educ Pract Vet 1999;21:148154.
  • 5
    Kruger JM, Osborne CA, Venta PJ, et al. Viral infections of the feline urinary tract. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1996;26:281296.
  • 6
    Fabricant CG. Herpes-virus-induced urolithiasis in specific pathogen free male cats. Am J Vet Res 1977;38:18371842.
  • 7
    Fabricant CG. The feline urological syndrome induced by injection with a cell-associated herpesvirus. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1984;14:493502.
  • 8
    Rich LJ, Fabricant CG, Gillespie JH. Urethral obstruction in male cats: Transmission studies. Can J Comp Med 1969;33:164165.
  • 9
    Rich LJ, Fabricant CG, Gillespie JH. Virus induced urolithiasis in male cats. Cornell Vet 1971;61:542553.
  • 10
    Kruger JM, Osborne CA. The role of viruses in feline lower urinary tract disease. J Vet Intern Med 1990;4:7178.
    Direct Link:
  • 11
    Komolafe OO. Effect of storage on the integrity of purified calicivirus particles. Microbios 1979;26:137146.
  • 12
    Kalkstein TS, Kruger JM, Osborne CA. Feline idiopathic lower urinary tract disease. Part 1: Clinical manifestations. Compend Cont Educ Pract Vet 1999;21:1526.
  • 13
    Crandall RA, Madin SH. Experimental studies on a new feline virus. Am J Vet Res 1960;21:551556.
  • 14
    Gibbs EP, Smale CJ, Voyle CA. Electron microscopy as an aid to the rapid diagnosis of virus diseases of veterinary importance. Vet Rec 1980;106:451458.
  • 15
    Carter MJ, Milton ID, Meanger J, et al. The complete nucleo-tide sequence of feline calicivirus. Virology 1992; 190:442448.
  • 16
    Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed. Cold Spring Harbor , NY : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; 1989: 5.285.32.
  • 17
    Voss H, Schwager C, Wiemanns S, et al. Efficient low redundance large scale DNA sequencing at EMBL. J Biotechnol 1995;41:121129.
  • 18
    Dulbecco R, Vogt M. Plaque formation and isolation of pure line with poliomyelitis viruses. J Exp Med 1954;99:167182.
  • 19
    Baulch-Brown C, Love D, Meanger J. Sequence variation within the capsid protein of Australian isolates of feline calicivirus. Vet Microbiol 1999;68:107117.
  • 20
    Glenn M, Radford AD, Turner PC, et al. Nucleotide sequence of UK and Australian isolates of feline calicivirus (FCV) and phylo-genetic analysis of FCV's. Vet Microbiol 1999;67:175193.
  • 21
    Van Vuuren M, Geissler K, Gerber D, et al. Characterization of a potentially abortigenic strain of calicivirus isolated from a domestic cat. Vet Rec 1999;144:636638.
  • 22
    Geissler K, Schneider, Platzer G, et al. Genetic and antigenic heterogeneity among feline calicivirus isolates from distinct disease manifestations. Virol Res 1997;48:193206.
  • 23
    Sonovtsev S, Green KY. RNA transcripts derived from a cloned full-length copy of the feline calicivirus genome do not require VpG for infectivity. Virology 1995;210:383390.
  • 24
    Pedersen NC, Laliberte L, Ekman S. A transient febrile “limping” syndrome of kittens caused by two different strains of feline calicivirus. Feline Pract 1983;13:2635.
  • 25
    Seal BS, Neill JD. Capsid protein gene sequence of feline calicivirus isolates 255 and LLK: Further evidence for capsid protein configuration among feline caliciviruses. Virus Genes 1995;9:183187.
  • 26
    Seal BS, Ridpath JF, Mengeling WL. Analysis of feline calicivirus capsid protein genes: Identification of variable antigenic determinant regions of the protein. J Gen Virol 1993;74:25192524.
  • 27
    Fastier LB. A new feline virus isolated in tissue culture. Am J Vet Res 1957;18:382389.
  • 28
    Bittle JL, York CJ, Newberne JW, et al. Serologic relationship of new feline cytopathogenic viruses. Am J Vet Res 1960;21:547550.
  • 29
    Kahn DE, Gillespie JH. Feline viruses. X. Characterization of a newly-isolated picornavirus causing interstitial pneumonia and ul-cerative stomatitis in the domestic cat. Cornell Vet 1970;60:669683.
  • 30
    Seal BS. Analysis of capsid protein variation among divergent isolates of feline calicivirus. Virus Res 1994;33:3953.
  • 31
    Takahashi E, Konishi S, Ogata M. Studies on cytopathogenic viruses from cats with respiratory infections II. Characterization of feline picornaviruses. Jpn J Vet Sci 1971;33:8187.
  • 32
    Tohya Y, Taniguchi Y, Takahashi E, et al. Sequence analysis of the ′-end of feline calicivirus genome. Virology 1991;183:810814.
  • 33
    Oshikama R, Tohya Y, Kawaguchi Y, et al. The molecular cloning and sequence of an open reading frame encoding for nonstructural proteins of feline calicivirus F4 strain isolated from Japan. J Vet Med Sci 1994;56:10931099.
  • 34
    Neill JD, Reardon IM, Heinrikson RL. Nucleotide sequence and expression of the capsid protein gene of feline calicivirus. J Virol 1991;65:54405447.
  • 35
    Matson DO, Berke T, Dinulos MB, et al. Partial characterization of the genome of nine animal caliciviruses. Arch Virol 1996; 141: 24432456.
  • 36
    Fredricks DN, Relman DA. Sequence-based identification of microbial pathogens: A reconsideration of Koch's postulates. Clin Microbiol Rev 1996;9:1833.
  • 37
    Kreutz LC, Johnson RP, Seal BS. Phenotypic and genotypic variation of feline calicivirus during persistent infection of cats. Vet Microbiol 1998;59:229236.
  • 38
    Radford AD, Turner PC, Bennett M, et al. Quasispecies evolution of a hypervariable region of the feline calicivirus capsid gene in cell culture and in persistently infected cats. J Gen Virol 1998;79:110.
  • 39
    Guiver M, Littler E, Caul EO, et al. The cloning, sequencing and expression of a major antigenic region from the feline calicivirus capsid protein. J Gen Virol 1992;73:24292433.
  • 40
    Milton ID, Turner J, Teelan A, et al. Location of monoclonal antibody binding sites in the capsid protein of feline calicivirus. J Gen Virol 1992;73:24352439.
  • 41
    Tohya Y, Yokoyama N, Maeda K, et al. Mapping of antigenic sites involved in neutralization on the capsid protein of feline calicivirus. J Gen Virol 1997;78:303305.
  • 42
    Radford AD, Bennett M, McArdle F, et al. The use of sequence analysis of a feline calicivirus (FCV) hypervariable region in the ep-idemiological investigation of FCV related disease and vaccine failures. Vaccine 1997;15:14511458.
  • 43
    Rossman MG, Rueckert RR. What does the molecular structure of viruses tell us about viral functions Microbiol Sci 1987;4:206214.
  • 44
    Sykes JE, Studdert VP, Browning GF. Detection and strain differentiation of feline calicivirus in conjunctival swabs by RT-PCR of the hypervariable region of the capsid protein gene. Arch Virol 1998; 143:13211334.
  • 45
    Carter MJ, Cubitt WD. Norwalk and related viruses. Curr Opin Infect Dis 1995;8:403409.
  • 46
    Le Gall G, Arnauld C, Boilletot E, et al. Molecular epidemiology of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus outbreaks in France during 1988–1995. J Gen Virol 1998;79:1116.
  • 47
    Leitner T, Escanilla D, Franzen C, et al. Accurate reconstruction of a known HIV-1 transmission history by phylogenetic tree analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1996;93:1086410869.
  • 48
    Schneider-Schaulies J. Cellular receptors for viruses: links to tropism and pathogenesis. J Gen Virol 2000;81:14131429.
  • 49
    Koch R. Ueber bakteriologische Forschung. In: Verhandlungen X Internationalen Medichinischen Congresses, Berlin, 1890. Berlin : August Hirschwald; 1891: 35.
  • 50
    Evans AS. Causation and disease: The Henle-Koch postulates revisited. Yale J Biol Med 1976;49:175195.
  • 51
    Rivers TM. Viruses and Koch's postulates. J Bacteriol 1937;33:112.