• 1
    Dawson B., Trapp RG. Methods of Evidence Based Medicine: Basic and Clinical Biostatistics, 3rd ed. New York , NY : McGraw-Hill; 2001: 262281.
  • 2
    Sackett DL, Rosenberg WMC, Gray JAM, et al. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ 1996;312:7172.
  • 3
    Fletcher RH, Fletcher SW, Wagner EH. Diagnosis. In: DawsonB., ed. Clinical Epidemiology: The Essentials, 3rd ed. Baltimore , MD : Williams & Wilkins; 1996.
  • 4
    Dukes J. Hypertension: A review of the mechanisms, manifestations and management. J Sm Anim Prac 1992;33:119129.
  • 5
    Kittleson MD, Olivier NB. Measurement of systemic arterial blood pressure. Vet Clin North Am: Sm Anim Pract 1983;13:321336.
  • 6
    Kienle RD, Kittleson MD. Pulmonary arterial and systemic ar-terial hypertension. In: KittlesonMD, KienleRD, eds. Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. St. Louis , MO : Mosby; 1998: 433448.
  • 7
    Podell M. Use of blood pressure monitors. In: KirkRW, Bona-guraJD, eds. Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XI: Small Animal Practice. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1992: 834837.
  • 8
    Brown SA, Henik RA, Finco DR. Diagnosis of systemic hypertension in dogs and cats. In: BonaguraJB, ed. Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XIII: Small Animal Practice. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 2000: 835838.
  • 9
    Meurs KM, Miller MW, Slater MR, et al. Arterial blood pressure measurement in a population of healthy geriatric dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2000;36:497500.
  • 10
    Struble AL, Feldman EC, Nelson RW, et al. Systemic hypertension and proteinuria in dogs with diabetes mellitus. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1998;213:822825.
  • 11
    Ortega TM, Feldman EC, Nelson RW, et al. Systemic arterial blood pressure and urine protein/creatinine ratio in dogs with hyper-adrenocorticism. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;209:17241729.
  • 12
    Remillard RL, Ross JN, Eddy JB. Variance of indirect blood pressure measurements and prevalence of hypertension in clinically normal dogs. Am J Vet Res 1991;52:561565.
  • 13
    Bodey AR, Michell AR. Epidemiological study of blood pressure in domestic dogs. J Sm Anim Pract 1996;37:116125.
  • 14
    Brown S., Haberman C., Morgan J. Evaluation of Doppler ultrasonic and oscillometric estimates of blood pressure in conscious dogs. 19th Annual Veterinary Medical Forum 2001; 845.
  • 15
    Bodey AR, Michell AR, Bovee KC, et al. Comparison of direct and indirect (oscillometric) measurement of arterial blood pressure in conscious dogs. Res Vet Sci 1996;61:1721.
  • 16
    Stepien RL, Rapoport GS. Clinical comparison of three methods to measure blood pressure in nonsedated dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1999;215:16231628.
  • 17
    Chalifoux A., Dallaire A., Blais D., et al. Evaluation of the arterial blood pressure of dogs by two noninvasive methods. Can J Comp Med 1985;49:419423.
  • 18
    Cowgill LG, Kallet AJ. Recognition and management of hypertension in the dog. In: KirkRW, BonaguraJD, eds. Current Veterinary Therapy VIII: Small Animal Practice. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1983: 10251028.
  • 19
    Scully P., Chan PS, Cervoni P., et al. A method of measuring direct arterial blood pressure. Can Prac 1983;10:2433.
  • 20
    Edwards NJ. Non-invasive blood pressure measurements in the clinical setting. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 8th Annual Forum 1990; 273276.
  • 21
    Geddes LA, Whistler SJ. The error in indirect blood pressure measurement with the incorrect size of cuff. Am Heart J 1978;96:48.
  • 22
    Vincent IC, Michell AR, Leahy RA. Non-invasive measurement of arterial blood pressure in dogs: A potential indicator for the identification of stress. Res Vet Sci 1993;54:195201.
  • 23
    Crowe DT, Spreng DE. Doppler assessment of blood flow and pressure in surgical and critical care patients. In: BonaguraJD, ed. Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XII: Small Animal Practice. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1995: 113117.
  • 24
    McCubbin JW, Corcoran AC. Arterial pressures in street dogs: Incidence and significance of hypertension. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1953;84:130131.
  • 25
    Anderson LJ, Fisher EW. The blood pressure in canine interstitial nephritis. Res Vet Sci 1968;9:304313.
  • 26
    Sackett DL, Haynes RB, Tugwell P. The Interpretation of Diagnostic Data Clinical Epidemiology: A Basic Science for Clinical Medicine. Boston , MA : Little, Brown; 1985: 59138.
  • 27
    Sox HC. Probability theory in the use of diagnostic tests: An introduction to critical study of the literature. Ann Intern Med 1986; 104.
  • 28
    Griner PF, Mayewski RJ, Mushlin AI, et al. Selection and interpretation of diagnostic tests and procedures: Principles and applications. Ann Intern Med 1981;94:553600.
  • 29
    Bodey AR, Michell AR. Longitudinal studies of reproducibility and variability of indirect (oscillometric) blood pressure measurements in dogs: Evidence for tracking. Res Vet Sci 1997; 63: 1521.
  • 30
    Bovee KC, Garg TN. A comparison of indirect blood pressure measurements to direct continuous telemetry in normal dogs. J Vet Intern Med 1996; 10(3): 161 (abstract).
  • 31
    Weiser MG, Spangler WL, Gribble DH. Blood pressure measurement in the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1977;171:364368.