• 1
    Culmsee K., Simon D., Mischke R., et al. Possibilities of flow cytometric analysis for immunophenotypic characterization of canine lymphoma. J Vet Med 2001;47:199206.
  • 2
    Sandhaus LM. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of lymphoma. The next step. Am J Clin Pathol 2000; 113: 623627.
  • 3
    Vernau B., Moore P. Immunophenotyping in the dog. Vet Cancer Soc Newsletter 2001;21:110.
  • 4
    Vernau W., Moore PF. An immunophenotypic study of canine leukemia and preliminary assessment of clonality by polymerase chain reaction. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 1999;69:145164.
  • 5
    Valli VEO, Carter RF. Advances in the cytological diagnosis of canine lymphoma. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 1988;3:167175.
  • 6
    Ponce F., Magnol JP, Ledieu D., et al. Prognostic significance of morphological subtypes in canine malignant lymphomas during chemotherapy. Vet J 2004;167:158166.
  • 7
    Bienzle D. Hematopoietic neoplasia. In: LatimerKS, MahaffeyEA, PrasseKW, eds. Duncan & Prasse's Veterinary Laboratory Medicine, 4th ed. Ames , IA : Iowa State Press; 2003: 8087.
  • 8
    Shapiro HM. Optical measurements in cytometry: Light scattering, extinction, absorption, and fluorescence. Methods Cell Biol 2001; 63:107129.
  • 9
    Moore PF, Vernau W. Lymphocytes: Differentiation molecules in diagnosis and prognosis. In: FeldmanB., ZinklJG, JainNC, eds. Schalm's Veterinary Hematology, 5th ed. Philadelphia , PA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000: 247255.
  • 10
    Sonea IM, Harkins K., Wannemuehler MJ, et al. Flow cytometric analysis of canine colonic mucosal lymphocytes from endoscopi-cally obtained biopsy specimens. Am J Vet Res 1999;60:346353.
  • 11
    Duque C., Parent J., Bienzle D. The immunophenotype of blood and cerebrospinal fluid mononuclear cells in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2002;16:714719.
  • 12
    Faldyna M., Lev L., Knötigová, et al. Lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of dogs–A flow cytometric study. Vet Immunol Im-munopathol 2001;82:2337.
  • 13
    Teske E., Wisman P., Moore PF, et al. Histological classification and immunophenotyping of canine non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: Unexpected high frequency of T cell lymphomas with B cell morphology. Exp Hematol 1994;22:11791187.
  • 14
    Caniatti M., Roccabianca R., Scanziani E., et al. Canine lympho-ma: Immunocytochemical analysis of fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Vet Pathol 1996;33:204212.
  • 15
    Fournel-Fleury C., Ponce F., Fleman P., et al. Canine T-cell lym-phomas: A morphological, immunological, and clinical study of 46 new cases. Vet Pathol 2002;39:92109.
  • 16
    Carter RF, Valli VE, Lumsden JH. The cytology, histology and prevalence of cell types in canine lymphoma classified according to the National Cancer Institute Working Formulation. Can J Vet Res 1986;50:154164.
  • 17
    Jacobs RM, Messick JB, Valli VE. Hemolymphatic neoplasia. In: MeutenDJ, ed. Tumors in Domestic Animals, 4th ed. Ames , IA : Iowa Press; 2002: 119198.
  • 18
    Dunphy CH, Ramos R. Combining fine-needle aspiration and flow cytometric immunophenotyping in evaluation of nodal and extranodal sites for possible lymphoma: A retrospective review. Diagn Cytopathol 1997;16:200206.
  • 19
    Ashton-Key M., Isaacson PG. CD45 immunostaining in T-cell– rich B-cell lymphoma and lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's disease. J Pathol 1997;181:462463.
  • 20
    Rhind SM. CD1–The pathology perspective. Vet Pathol 2001; 38:611619.
  • 21
    Castenholz A. Architecture of the lymph node with regard to its function. Curr Top Pathol 1990;84:132.
  • 22
    Kiupel M., Teske E., Bostock D. Prognostic factors for treated canine malignant lymphoma. Vet Pathol 1999;36:292300.
  • 23
    Fisher DJ, Naydan D., Werner LL, et al. Immunophenotyping lymphomas in dogs: A comparison of results from fine needle aspirate and needle biopsy samples. Vet Clin Pathol 1995;24:118123.
  • 24
    Burnett RC, Vernau W., Modiano JF, et al. Diagnosis of canine lymphoid neoplasia using clonal rearrangements of antigen receptor genes. Vet Pathol 2003;40:3241.