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  • 1
    Bonnett BN, Egenvall A., Olson P., Hedhammar Å. Mortality in over 350,000 insured Swedish dogs from 1995–2000: I. Breed-, gender-, age-and cause-specific rates. Acta Vet Scand 2005; 46: 105120.
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    Detweiler DK, Patterson DF. The prevalence and types of cardiovascular disease in dogs. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1965;127:481451.
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    Ferro E., Brambilla PG, Faverzani S., Traditi E. Epidemiologia delle malattie cardiovasculari del cane: Risultati dei primi quatro anni di indagini. (Epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases in dogs: results from the first four years of investigations) Veterinaria 1990;4:58.
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    Buchanan JW. Prevalence of cardiovascular disorders. In: FoxPF, MoiseNS, SissonD., eds. Textbook of Canine and Feline Cardiology, 2nd ed. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1999: 457470.
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    Michell AR. Longevity of British breeds of dog and its relationships with sex, size, cardiovascular variables and disease. Vet Rec 1999;145:625629.
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    Priester WA, Schirmer RG, Rines MP. A one-year analysis of veterinary patients, diagnoses, and operations at Michigan State University. J Am Vet Med Ass 1966;148:666671.
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    Egenvall A., Hedhammar Å, Bonnett BN, Olson P. Survey of the Swedish dog population: Age, gender, breed, location and enrollment in animal insurance. Acta Vet Scand 1999;40:231240.
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    Egenvall A., Bonnett BN, Olson P., Hedhammar Å. Gender, age and breed pattern of diagnoses for veterinary care events in insured dogs during 1996. Vet Rec 2000;146:551557.
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    Egenvall A., Hagman R., Bonnett BN, et al. Breed risk of pyometra in insured dogs in Sweden. J Vet Intern Med 2001;15:530538.
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    Egenvall A., Bonnett BN, öhagen P., et al. Incidence of and survival after mammary tumours in a population of over 80,000 insured female dogs in Sweden from 1995–2002. Prev Vet Med 2005;69:109127.
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    Egenvall A., Bonnett BN, Olson P., et al. Gender, age, breed and geographic pattern of morbidity and mortality in insured dogs during 1995 and 1996. Vet Rec 2000;146:519525.
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    Egenvall A., Bonnett BN, Olson P., et al. Validation of computerized Swedish dog and cat insurance data against veterinary practice records. Prev Vet Med 1998;36:5165.
  • 13
    Svenska Djursjukhusföreningen (Swedish Animal Hospital Association), Diagnosregister för häst, hund och katt (Diagnostic registry for the horse, the dog and the cat), 1st ed. Taberg , Sweden : Svenska Djursjukhusföreningen; 1993: 1235.
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    Martin SW, Meek AH, Willeberg P. Veterinary Epidemiology. Principles and Methods, 1st ed. Ames , IA : Iowa State University Press; 1987: 50, 5859.
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    Breslow NE, Day NE. Statistical Methods in Cancer Research, Vol. 2. The Design and Analysis of Cohort Studies, 1st ed. Lyon , France : International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1987: 59.
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    Allison P. Survival Analysis Using the SAS® System: A Practical Guide, 1st ed. Cary , NC : SAS Institute Inc; 1995: 5759.
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    Dohoo I., Martin W., Stryhn H. Veterinary Epidemiologic Research, 1st ed. Charlottetown , PEI , Canada : AVC Inc; 2001: 438439.
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    Falk T., Jönsson L. Ischaemic heart disease in the dog: A review of 65 cases. J Small Anim Pract 2000;41:97103.
  • 19
    Häggström J. Chronic Valvular Disease in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels—Epidemiology, Inheritance and Pathophysiology. Uppsala , Sweden : Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; 1996.
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    Tidholm A., Häggström J., Borgarelli M., Tarducci A. Canine idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Part I: Aetiology, clinical characteristics, epidemiology and pathology. Vet J 2001; 162: 92107.
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    Tidholm A., Jönsson L. A retrospective study of canine dilated cardiomyopathy (189 cases). J Am Vet Med Ass 1997;33:544550.
  • 22
    Thrusfield MV, Aitken CGG, Darke PGG. Observations on breed and sex in relation to canine heart valve incompetence. J Small Anim Pract 1985;26:709717.
  • 23
    Häggstrom J., Hansson K., Kvart C., Swenson L. Chronic valvular disease in the cavalier King Charles spaniel in Sweden. Vet Rec 1992;131:549553.
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    Olsen LH, Fredholm M., Pedersen HD. Epidemiology and inheritance of mitral valve prolapse in Dachshunds. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13:448456.
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    Swenson L., Häggstrom J., Kvart C., Juneja RK. Relationship between parental cardiac status in Cavalier King Charles spaniels and prevalence and severity of chronic valvular disease in offspring. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;208:20092012.
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    O'Grady MR, O'Sullivan ML. Dilated cardiomyopathy: An update. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2004;34:11871207.
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    Harpster NK. Boxer cardiomyopathy. A review of the long-term benefits of antiarrhythmic therapy. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1991; 21: 9891004.
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    Blackshaw JK, Day C. Attitudes of dog owners to neutering pets: Demographic data and effects of owner attitudes. Austr Vet J 1994;71:113116.
  • 29
    Manning AM, Rowan AN. Companion animal demographics and sterilization status: Results from a survey in four Massachusetts towns. Arthroz 1992;5:192201.
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    Rosano GM, Cornoldi A., Fini M. Effects of androgens on the cardiovascular system. J Endocrinol Invest 2005;28:3238.
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    Muller M., van der Schouw YT, Thijssen JH, Grobbee DE. Endogenous sex hormones and cardiovascular disease in men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:50765086.