• Open Access

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Single Radial Immunodiffusion, and Indirect Methods for the Detection of Failure of Transfer of Passive Immunity in Dairy Calves

Authors


  • Soo-Han Lee and Jun Jaekal contributed equally to this work.

Corresponding author: Dong-Ho Lee, MD, PhD, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Asan Medical Center, 388-1, Pungnap 2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea; e-mail: dhlmd@amc.seoul.kr.

Abstract

Background: Confirmatory tests for failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) in dairy calves require direct measurements of the serum immunoglobulin G concentration. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has advantages over single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) in terms of cost and time.

Objectives: To evaluate the agreement between ELISA and SRID, and to compare the diagnostic performance of ELISA with indirect methods, in the detection of FTPI in calves.

Animals: One hundred and fifteen dairy calves (aged 0–10 days) from 23 calf-rearing facilities.

Methods: Prospective, observational study. The agreement between SRID and ELISA was determined by the Bland-Altman method. Fixed bias (SRID − ELISA) was calculated. For comparison of the diagnostic performance of ELISA with indirect methods, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated at cut-off values of 500 and 1,000 mg/dL.

Results: The agreement between SRID and ELISA was 94%. Fixed bias (SRID − ELISA) was 140 ± 364 mg/dL. The AUC and sensitivity of ELISA at the cut-off value of 1,000 mg/dL were higher than those of indirect methods (P<.004). The specificity of ELISA at the cut-off value of 1,000 mg/dL was not higher than that of indirect methods, except for serum total protein concentration assay.

Conclusion and Clinical Importance: ELISA exhibited good diagnostic performance and good agreement with SRID. ELISA is an adequate method for both screening and confirmatory tests for FTPI in dairy calves at the cut-off value of 500 mg/dL.

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