SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

  • 1
    Kittleson MD. Myxomatous atrioventricular valvular degeneration. In: KittlesonMD, KienleRD, eds. Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. St. Louis , MO : Mosby; 1998: 433448.
  • 2
    Haggstrom J., Kvart C., Pedersen HD. Acquired valvular heart disease. In: EttingerSJ, FeldmanEC, eds. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 6 ed. St. Louis , MO : Elsevier; 2005: 10221039.
  • 3
    Kittleson MD, Eyster GE, Knowlen GG, et al. Myocardial function in small dogs with chronic mitral regurgitation and severe congestive heart failure. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1984;184:455459.
  • 4
    Carabello BA, Nakano K., Corin W., et al. Left ventricular function in experimental overload hypertrophy. Am J Physiol 1989;256:H974H981.
  • 5
    Matsuo T., Carabello BA, Nagatomo Y., et al. Mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy in canine volume overload. Am J Physiol 1998;275:H65H74.
  • 6
    Boon JA. Evaluation of size, function, and hemodynamics. In: BoonJA, ed. Manual of Veterinary Echocardiography. Baltimore , MD : Williams & Wilkins; 1998: 151260.
  • 7
    Oh JK, Seward JB, Tajik AJ. Assessment of ventricular systolic function In: OhJK, SewardJB, TajikAJ, eds. The Echo Manual, 2nd ed. Philadelphia , PA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999: 3743.
  • 8
    Lombard CW. Normal values of the canine M-mode echocardiogram. Am J Vet Res 1984;45:20152018.
  • 9
    Morrison SA, Moise NS, Scarlett J., et al. Effect of breed and body weight on echocardiographic values in four breeds of dogs of differing somatotype. J Vet Intern Med 1992;6:220224.
  • 10
    Delia Torre PK, Kirby AC, Church DB, Malik R. Echocardiographic measurements in Greyhounds, Whippets and Italian Greyhound: Dogs with a similar conformation but different size. Aus Vet J 2000;78:4955.
  • 11
    Cornell CG, Kittleson MD, Delia Torre PK, et al. Allometric scaling of M-mode cardiac measurements in normal adult dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2004;18:311321.
  • 12
    Jacobs G., Mahjoob K. Multiple regression analysis using body size and cardiac cycle length in predicting echocardiographic variables in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1988;49:12901294.
  • 13
    Borow KM, Green LH, Mann T., et al. End-systolic volume as a predictor of postoperative left ventricular performance in volume overload from valvular regurgitation. Am J Med 1980; 68: 655663.
  • 14
    Teichholz LE, Kreulen T., Herman MV, et al. Problems in echocardiographic volume determinations: Echocardiographic-angiographic correlations in the presence or absence of asynergy. Am JCardiol 1976;37:711.
  • 15
    Borgarelli M., Zini E., D'Agnolo G., et al. Comparison of primary mitral valve disease in German Shepard dogs and in small breeds J Vet Cardiol 2004; 6: 2531.
  • 16
    Borgarelli M. Mitral Valve Insufficiency in Large Breed Dogs. Turin, Italy University of Torino 2005. Doctoral Thesis.
  • 17
    The International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council (ISACHC). Recommendations for the diagnosis and the treatment of heart failure in small animals. 5. 1994.
  • 18
    Kienle RD, Kittleson MD. Myxomatosus pulmonary arterial and systemic arterial hypertension. In: KittlesonMD, KienleRD, eds. Small Animal Cardiovascular Medicine. St. Louis , MO : Mosby; 1998: 433448.
  • 19
    Boon JA. Acquired heart disease. In: BoonJA, ed. Manual of Veterinary Echocardiography. Baltimore , MD : Williams & Wilkins; 1998: 261382.
  • 20
    Bonagura JD. M-mode echocardiography: Basic principles. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1983;12:299319.
  • 21
    Thomas WP. Two dimensional, real-time echocardiography in the dog: technique and validation. Vet Radiol 1984;2:5064.
  • 22
    Levine RA, Stathogiannis E., Newell JB, et al. Reconsideration of echocardiographic standards for mitral valve prolapse: lack of association between leaflet displacement isolated to the apical four-chamber view and independent echocardiographic findings. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;11:10101019.
  • 23
    Pedersen HD, Kristensen BO, Norby B., et al. Echocardiographic study of mitral valve prolapse in Dachshunds. J Vet Med A 1996;43:103110.
  • 24
    Warth DC, King ME, Cohen JM, et al. Prevalence of mitral valve prolapse in normal children. J Am Coll Cardiol 1985;5:11731177.
  • 25
    Sahn DJ, DeMaria A., Kisslo J., et al. Recommendations regarding quantitation in M-mode echocardiography: Results of a survey of echocardiographic measurements. Circulation 1978; 58: 10721083.
  • 26
    Grossman JWD, McLaurin LP. Wall stress and patterns of hypertrophy in the human left ventricle. J Clin Invest 1975; 56: 5664.
  • 27
    Bladdke F., Covell JW. Early changes in left ventricular regional dimensions and function during chronic volume overloading in the conscious dogs. Circ Res 1979;45:420428.
  • 28
    Lewinter MM, Engler RL, Karliner JS. Enhanced left ventricular shortening during chronic volume overload in conscious dogs. Am J Physiol (Heart Circ Physiol) 1980: 238: H126H133.
  • 29
    Newman WH, Webb JG, Privitera PJ. Persistence of myocardial failure following removal of chronic volume overload. Am J Physiol (Heart Circ Physiol) 1982: 243:H876H883.
  • 30
    Amberger C., Glardon O., Lombard CW. Validité des examens complémentaires dans revaluation de l'insuffisance cardiaque par endocardiose mitrale: étude à partir de 106cas. Prat Méd Chir Anim Comp 1995;30:659670.
  • 31
    Carabello BA, Nolan SP, McGuire LB. Assessment of preoperative left ventricular function in patients with mitral regurgitation: Value of the end-systolic wall stress-end systolic volume ratio. Circulation 1981;64:12121217.
  • 32
    Nakano K., Swindle M., Spinale F., et al. Depressed contractile function due to canine mitral regurgitation improves after correction of volume overload. J Clin Invest 1991: 87:2 1532161.
  • 33
    Carabello BA. Mitral valve regurgitation. Curr Probl Cardiol 1998;4:200244.
  • 34
    Moise SN, Fox PR. Echocardiography and Doppler imaging. In: FoxPR, SissonDD, MoiseSN, eds. Textbook of Canine and Feline Cardiology, 2nd ed. Philadelphia , PA : WB Saunders; 1999: 130171.
  • 35
    Bonagura JD, Herring DS. Echocardiography: Acquired heart disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1985;15:12091224.
  • 36
    Urabe Y., Mann DL, Kent RL, et al. Cellular and ventricular contractile dysfunction in experimental canine mitral regurgitation. Circ Res 1992;70:131147.
  • 37
    Lorell BH, Carabello BA. Left ventricular hypertrophy: pathogenesis, detection and prognosis. Circulation 2000; 102:470479.
  • 38
    Grant C., Greene DG, Bunnel IL. Left ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy. A clinical angiocardiographic study. Am J Med 1965; 39: 895905.
  • 39
    Carabello BA. Concentric versus eccentric remodelling. J Card Fail 2002;8(Suppl):S258S263.
  • 40
    Gould P., Ghista D., Brombolich L., Mirski I. In vivo stresses in human left ventricular wall: Analysis accounting for the irregular 3-dimensional geometry and comparison with idealised geometry analysis. J Biochem 1972;5:521539.
  • 41
    Dukes McEwan J, Borgarelli M., Tidholm A., et al. Proposal Guidelines for the diagnosis of canine idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy J Vet Cardiol 2003; 5: 720.
  • 42
    Carabello BA. Progress in mitral and aortic regurgitation. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2001;43:457475.