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    Johnson JA, Austin C., Breur GJ. Incidence of canine appendicular musculoskeletal disorders in 16 veterinary teaching hospitals from 1980 to 1989. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 1994;7: 5669.
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    Moore GE, Burkman KD, Carter MN, et al. Causes of death or reasons for euthanasia in military working dogs: 927 cases (1993–1996). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219:209214.
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    Lascelles BD, Main DC. Surgical trauma and chronically painful conditions—Within our comfort level but beyond theirs J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;221:215222.
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    Hardie EM, Roe SC, Martin FR. Radiographic evidence of degenerative joint disease in geriatric cats: 100 cases (1994–1997). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;220:628632.
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    Godfrey DR. Osteoarthritis in cats: A retrospective radiological study. J Small Anim Pract 2005;46:425429.
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    Clarke SP, Mellor D., Clements DN, et al. Prevalence of radiographic signs of degenerative joint disease in a hospital population of cats. Vet Rec 2005;157:793799.
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    Herzog W., Clark A., Longino D. Joint mechanics in osteoarthritis. Novartis Found Symp 2004: 260:79104; discussion 95–104.
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    Hardie EM. Management of osteoarthritis in cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1997;27:945953.
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    Lascelles BD, Henderson A. J., Hackett IJ. Evaluation of the clinical efficacy of meloxicam in cats with painful locomotor disorders. J Small Anim Pract 2001;42:587593.
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    Clarke SP, Bennett D. Feline osteoarthritis: A prospective study of 28 cases. J Small Anim Pract 2006;47:439445.
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    Wiseman ML, Nolan AM, Reid J., et al. Preliminary study on owner-reported behaviour changes associated with chronic pain in dogs. Vet Rec 2001;149:423424.
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    Wiseman-Orr ML, Nolan AM, Reid J., et al. Development of a questionnaire to measure the effects of chronic pain on health-related quality of life in dogs. Am J Vet Res 2004;65:10771084.
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    Hielm-Bjorkman AK, Kuusela E., Liman A., et al. Evaluation of methods for assessment of pain associated with chronic osteoarthritis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222:15521558.
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    Gingerich DA, Strobel JD. Use of client-specific outcome measures to assess treatment effects in geriatric, arthritic dogs: Controlled clinical evaluation of a nutraceutical. Vet Ther 2003;4:5666.
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    Cramer JA, Baker GA, Jacoby A. Development of a new seizure severity questionnaire: Initial reliability and validity testing. Epilepsy Res 2002;48:187197.
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    Cleeland CS, Ryan KM. Pain assessment: global use of the Brief Pain Inventory. Ann Acad Med Singapore 1994;23:129138.
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    McDowell I., Newell C. Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires. 2nd ed. New York , NY : Oxford University Press; 1996.
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    Bussmann JB, van de Laar YM, Neeleman MP, et al. Ambulatory accelerometry to quantify motor behaviour in patients after failed back surgery: a validation study. Pain 1998;74:153161.
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    Barker K., Lamb SE, Toye F., et al. Association between radiographic joint space narrowing, function, pain and muscle power in severe osteoarthritis of the knee. Clin Rehabil 2004;18:793800.
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    Hannan MT, Felson DT, Pincus T. Analysis of the discordance between radiographic changes and knee pain in osteoarthritis of the knee. J Rheumatol 2000;27:15131517.
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    Suter E., Herzog W., Leonard TR, et al. One-year changes in hind limb kinematics, ground reaction forces and knee stability in an experimental model of osteoarthritis. J Biomech 1998;31:511517.
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    Hasler EM, Herzog W., Leonard TR, et al. In vivo knee joint loading and kinematics before and after ACL transection in an animal model. J Biomech 1998;31:253262.
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    Herzog W., Adams ME, Matyas JR, et al. Hindlimb loading, morphology and biochemistry of articular cartilage in the ACL-deficient cat knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1993;1:243251.