SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Blomstrom-Lundqvist C, Scheinman MM, Aliot EM, et al. ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias—Executive summary. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines and the European Society of Cardiology committee for practice guidelines (writing committee to develop guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular arrhythmias) developed in collaboration with NASPE-Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;42:14931531.
  • 2
    Sherlag BJ, Wang X, Nakagawa H, et al. Radiofrequency ablation of a concealed accessory pathway as treatment for incessant supraventricular tachycardia in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1993;203:11471152.
  • 3
    Atkins CE, Kanter R, Wright K, et al. Orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia and heart failure in a dog with a concealed postero-septal accessory pathway. J Vet Intern Med 1995;9:4349.
  • 4
    Wright KN, Mehdirad AA, Giacobbe P, et al. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrioventricular accessory pathways in 3 dogs with subsequent resolution of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13:361371.
  • 5
    Santilli RA, Spadacini G, Moretti P, et al. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of concealed accessory pathways in two dogs with symptomatic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. J Vet Cardiol 2006;8:157165.
  • 6
    Foster SF, Hunt GB, Thomas SP, et al. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy in a young Boxer dog with supraventricular tachycardia due to an accessory pathway. Aus Vet J 2006;84:326331.
  • 7
    De Madron E, Kadish A, Spear JF, et al. Incessant atrial tachycardias in a dog with tricuspid dysplasia. Clinical management and electrophysiology. J Vet Intern Med 1987;1:163169.
  • 8
    Santilli RA, Spadacini G, Moretti P, et al. Anatomic distribution and electrophysiologic properties of accessory atrioventricular pathways in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;231:393398.
  • 9
    Bar FW, Brugada P, Dassen WRM, et al. Differential diagnosis of tachycardia with narrow QRS complex (shorter than 0.12 second). Am J Cardiol 1984;54:555560.
  • 10
    Kay GN, Pressley JC, Packer DL, et al. Value of the 12-lead electrocardiogram in discriminating atrioventricular nodal reciprocating tachycardia from circus movement atrioventricular tachycardia utilizing a retrograde accessory pathway. Am J Cardiol 1987;59:296300.
  • 11
    Kalbfleisch SJ, El-Atassi R, Calkins H, et al. Differentiation of paroxysmal narrow QRS complex tachycardias using the 12-lead electrocardiogram. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993;21:8589.
  • 12
    Riva SI, Della Bella P, Fassini G, et al. Value of analysis of ST segment changes during tachycardia in determining type of narrow QRS complex tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1996;27:14801485.
  • 13
    Tai CT, Chen SA, Chiang CE, et al. A new electrocardiographic algorithm using retrograde P waves for differentiating atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia mediated by concealed accessory pathway. J Am Coll Cardiol 1997;29:394402.
  • 14
    Erlinler I, Okmen E, Oguz E, et al. Differentiation of narrow QRS complex tachycardia types using 12-lead electrocardiogram. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2002;7:120126.
  • 15
    Jaeggi ET, Gilljam T, Bauersfeld U, et al. Electrocardiographic differentiation of typical atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia mediated by concealed accessory pathway in children. Am J Cardiol 2003;91:10841089.
  • 16
    Arya A, Kottkamp H, Piorkowski C, et al. Differentiating atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia from tachycardia via concealed accessory pathway. Am J Cardiol 2005;95:875878.
  • 17
    Maury P, Zimmermann M, Metzger J. Distinction between atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia and atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardia in the adult population based on P wave location. Should we reconsider the value of some ECG criteria according to gender and age? Europace 2003;5:5764.
  • 18
    Ho YL, Lin LY, Lin JL, et al. Usefulness of ST-segment elevation in lead aVR during tachycardia for determining the mechanism of narrow QRS complex tachycardia. Am J Cardiol 2003;92:14241428.
  • 19
    Zhong YM, Guo JH, Hou AJ, et al. A modified electrocardiographic algorithm for differentiating typical atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia mediated by concealed accessory pathway. Int J Clin Pract 2006;60:13711377.
  • 20
    Hills BL, Tilley LP. Ventricular preexcitation in seven dogs and nine cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1985;187:10261031.
  • 21
    Wright KN, Atkins CE, Kanter R. Supraventricular tachycardia in four young dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;208:7579.
  • 22
    Santilli RA, Bussadori C. Orthodromic incessant atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia in a dog. J Vet Cardiol 2000;2:2327.
  • 23
    Kraus MS, Moise NS, Rishniw M, et al. Morphology of ventricular arrhythmias in the Boxer as measured by 12-lead electrocardiography with pace-mapping. J Vet Intern Med 2002;16:153158.
  • 24
    Josephson ME. Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. Technique and Interpretations, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002:322424.
  • 25
    Chen SA, Chiang CE, Yang CJ, et al. Sustained atrial tachycardia in adults patients: Electrophysiological characteristics, pharmacological response, possible mechanisms, and effects of radiofrequency ablation. Circulation 1994;90:12621278.
  • 26
    Stevenson WG, Sager PT, Friedman PL. Entrainment techniques for mapping atrial and ventricular tachycardias. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1995;6:201216.
  • 27
    Lannek N. A clinical and experimental study on the electrocardiogram in dogs. Stockholm Royal Veterinary College; 1949. Dissertation.
  • 28
    Hill JD. The electrocardiogram in dogs with standardized body and limb positions. J Electrocardiol 1968;1:175182.
  • 29
    Dettweiler DW. The dog electrocardiogram: A critical review. In: MacfarlanePW, Veitch LawrieTD, eds. Comprehensive Electrocardiology. Theory and Practice in Health and Disease. New York: Pergamon Press; 1993:12671329.
  • 30
    Green M, Heddle B, Dassen W, et al. Value of QRS alternation in determining the site of origin of narrow QRS supraventricular tachycardia. Circulation 1983;68:368373.
  • 31
    Tchou PJ, Lehman MH, Dongas J, et al. Effect of sudden rate acceleration on the human His-Purkinje system: Adaptation of refractoriness in a dampened oscillatory pattern. Circulation 1986;73:920929.
  • 32
    Franz MR, Swerdlow CD, Liem LB, et al. Cycle length dependence of human action potential duration in vivo. Effects of single extrastimuli, sudden sustained rate acceleration and deceleration, and different steady-state frequencies. J Clin Invest 1988;82:972979.
  • 33
    Morady F, DiCarlo L, Baerman JM, et al. Determinants of QRS alternans during narrow QRS tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1987;9:489499.
  • 34
    Morady F. Significance of QRS alternans during narrow QRS tachycardias. PACE 1991;14:21932198.
  • 35
    Lam HD, Stroobandt R, Knight BP. Supraventricular tachycardia with alternating cycle length. What is the mechanism? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2001;12:13291330.
  • 36
    Talajic M, Villemaire C, Papadatos D, et al. Cycle length alternation during supraventricular tachycardia: Occurrence and mechanism in a canine model of AV reentrant tachycardia. PACE 1990;13:314325.
  • 37
    Jackman WM, Wang X, Friday KJ, et al. Catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathways (Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome) by radiofrequency current. N Engl J Med 1991;324:16051611.
  • 38
    Swartz JF, Tracy CM, Fletcher RD. Radiofrequency endocardial catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathway atrial insertion sites. Circulation 1993;87:487499.
  • 39
    Lesh MD, Van Hare GF, Schamp DJ, et al. Curative percutaneous catheter ablation using radiofrequency energy for accessory pathways in all locations: Results in 100 consecutive patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992;19:13031309.
  • 40
    Calkins H, Langberg J, Sousa J, et al. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular connections in 250 patients: Abbreviated therapeutic approach to Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Circulation 1992;85:13371346.
  • 41
    Haïssaguerre M, Gaita F, Marcus FI, et al. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1994;5:532552.
  • 42
    Warin JF, Haissaguerre M, D'Ivernois C, et al. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways: Technique and results in 248 patients. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1990;13:16091614.
  • 43
    Gaita F, Richiardi E, Giustetto C, et al. Catheter ablation of accessory pathways in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. G Ital Cardiol 1992;22:12451253.
  • 44
    Xie B, Heald SC, Camm AJ, et al. Successful radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways with the first energy delivery: The anatomic and electrical characteristic. Eur Heart J 1996;17:10721079.
  • 45
    Huang JL, Chen SA, Tai CT, et al. Long-term results of radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with multiple accessory pathways. Am J Cardiol 1996;78:13751379.
  • 46
    Schaffer MS, Gillette PC. Ventriculo-atrial intervals during narrow complex reentrant tachycardia in children. Am Heart J 1991;121:16991702.
  • 47
    Wright KN, Knilans TK, Irvin HM. When, why, and how to perform cardiac radiofrequency catheter ablation. J Vet Cardiol 2006;8:95107.
  • 48
    Waldo AL, Maclean WAH, Karp RB, et al. Sequence of retrograde atrial activation of the human heart: Correlation with P wave polarity. Br Heart J 1977;39:634740.
  • 49
    Tada H, Nogami A, Naito S, et al. Simple electrocardiographic criteria for identifying the site of origin of focal right atrial tachycardia. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1998;21:24312439.
  • 50
    Gorgels AP, Engelen DJ, Wellens HJ. Lead aVR, a mostly ignored but very valuable lead in clinical electrocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;38:13551356.
  • 51
    Nelson SD, Kou WH, Annesley T, et al. Significance of ST segment depression during paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;12:383387.
  • 52
    Savard P, Cohen D, Lepeschkin E, et al. Magnetic measurement of S-T and T-Q segment shifts in humans. Part I: Early repolarization and left bundle branch block. Circ Res 1983;53:264273.
  • 53
    Cohen D, Savard P, Rifkin RD, et al. Magnetic measurement of S-T and T-Q segment shifts in humans. Part II: Exercise induced S-T depression. Circ Res 1983;53:274279.
  • 54
    Takahashi M. Experimental studies on the electrocardiogram of the dog. Jpn J Vet Sci 1964;25:191210.