• Open Access

Methods and Reliability of Tissue Doppler Imaging for Assessment of Left Ventricular Radial Wall Motion in Horses

Authors


  • aSchwarzwald CC, Schober KE, Bonagura JD. Echocardiographic characterization of left ventricular radial wall motion in horses using tissue Doppler imaging: Methodology and reliability. J Vet Int Med 2007;21:590.

  • Previously presented at 25th Annual Forum of the ACVIM, Seattle, WA, June 6–9, 2007.a

Corresponding author: Colin C. Schwarzwald, Dr. med. vet., PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, Equine Department, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland; e-mail: cschwarzwald@vetclinics.uzh.ch.

Abstract

Background: Noninvasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) function is incompletely studied in horses.

Objectives: The goals of this study were to investigate the feasibility, techniques, and reliability of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) for characterization of LV radial wall motion in healthy horses.

Animals: Three Standardbreds, 3 Thoroughbreds; age 8–14 years; body weight 517–606 kg.

Methods: Repeated echocardiographic examinations were performed by 2 observers in unsedated horses using TDI. Test reliability was determined by estimating measurement variability, within-day interobserver variability, and between-day interobserver and intraobserver variability of all echocardiographic variables. Variability was expressed as coefficient of variation (CV) and the absolute value below which the difference between 2 measurements will lie with 95% probability.

Results: Assessment of LV radial wall motion by TDI was feasible in all horses. Measurement variabilities were very low (CV < 5%) to low (CV 5–15%) for most variables. Within-day interobserver variability as well as between-day interobserver and intraobserver variabilities were low to moderate (CV 16–25%) for most variables. All pulsed-wave TDI variables of systolic LV function showed very low to low variability, whereas some of the variables of LV diastolic and LA function showed moderate to high (CV > 25%) variability. Pulsed-wave TDI variables appeared more reliable than color TDI variables.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Measurement of TDI indices of LV function is feasible and reliable in adult Standardbred and Thoroughbred horses. The clinical relevance of LV function assessment by TDI remains to be determined.

Ancillary