• Open Access

Equine Herpesvirus-1 Consensus Statement

Authors

  • D.P. Lunn,

    1. Department of Clinical Sciences, James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • N. Davis-Poynter,

    1. Herpesvirus Molecular Pathogenesis Unit, Sir Albert Sakzewski Virus Research Centre, Clinical Medical Virology Centre, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
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  • M.J.B.F. Flaminio,

    1. C3-522 Clinical Programs Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
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  • D.W. Horohov,

    1. William Robert Mills Chair, Department of Veterinary Science, Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
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  • K. Osterrieder,

    1. Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
    2. Institut für Virologie, Freie Universität Berlin, 10115 Berlin, Germany
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  • N. Pusterla,

    1. School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of California, Davis, CA
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  • H.G.G. Townsend

    1. Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
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  • Consensus Statements of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) provide the veterinary community with up-to-date information on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of clinically important animal diseases. The ACVIM Board of Regents oversees selection of relevant topics, identification of panel members with the expertise to draft the statements, and other aspects of assuring the integrity of the process. The statements are derived from evidence-based medicine whenever possible and the panel offers interpretive comments when such evidence is inadequate or contradictory. A draft is prepared by the panel, followed by solicitation of input by the ACVIM membership which may be incorporated into the statement. It is then submitted to the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, where it is edited prior to publication. The authors are solely responsible for the content of the statements.

Corresponding author: D. P. Lunn, BVSc, MS, PhD, MRCVS, Department of Clinical Sciences, James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, 300 West Drake Road, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1620; e-mail: lunnp@colostate.edu.

Abstract

Equine herpesvirus-1 is a highly prevalent and frequently pathogenic infection of equids. The most serious clinical consequences of infection are abortion and equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). In recent years, there has been an apparent increase in the incidence of EHM in North America, with serious consequences for horses and the horse industry. This consensus statement draws together current knowledge in the areas of pathogenesis, strain variation, epidemiology, diagnostic testing, vaccination, outbreak prevention and control, and treatment.

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