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Keywords:

  • Dog;
  • Endometritis;
  • Renal marker

Background: Pyometra in dogs has been associated with renal injury.

Hypothesis: Examine pyometra-related nephropathy by evaluating novel renal biomarkers.

Animals: Twenty-five dogs with Escherichia coli pyometra. Fourteen clinically healthy bitches of comparable age.

Methods: Prospective study. Urinary biomarkers determined by immunoassays (uIgG, uCRP, uAlb, uRBP, uTXB2) or colorimetric test (uNAG) with results normalized to urine creatinine concentration. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon's signed-rank test used to compare healthy dogs and dogs with pyometra, and dogs with pyometra at initial and follow-up examination.

Results: Urinary biomarkers (median, range) significantly increased in dogs with pyometra (uIgG/Cr: 169.7 mg/g, 4.8–1052.9; uCRP/Cr: 0.260 mg/g, 0.006–3.030; uAlb/Cr: 89.5 mg/g, 8.8–832.7; uRBP/Cr: 1.66 mg/g, 0.05–21.44; uNAG/Cr: 5.8 U/g, 1.6–27.7; uTXB2/Cr: 15.3 μg/g, 3.2–139.6) compared with healthy bitches (uIgG/Cr: 3.4 mg/g, 0.6–8.9; uCRP/Cr: below detection limit; uAlb/Cr: 17.5 mg/g, 1.3–166.3; uRBP/Cr: 0.13 mg/g, 0.02–0.44; uNAG/Cr: 2.4 U/g, 1.4–7.4; uTXB2/Cr: 2.4 μg/g, 1.2–4.7) (P < .001). Six months after ovariohysterectomy, urinary biomarkers in pyometra group (uIgG/Cr: 4.7 mg/g, 1.5–99.8; uCRP/Cr: below detection limit; uAlb/Cr: 13.9 mg/g, 2.1–471.2; uRBP/Cr: 0.05 mg/g, 0.02–0.32; uNAG/Cr: 1.6 U/g, 0.9–3.3; uTXB2/Cr: 3.3 μg/g, 1.0–6.9) were significantly lower than before surgery (P < .01), and not significantly different to those of healthy dogs (P > .05).

Conclusion and Clinical Importance: Pyometra-related renal dysfunction affects the nephron both at glomerular and proximal tubular level and is a transient process in most dogs with E. coli pyometra.