• Aspirin;
  • Heparin;
  • Thromboembolism;
  • Thrombosis

Background: A major cause of death in dogs with primary immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (pIMHA) is thrombotic disease. Ultralow-dose aspirin (ULDA) is commonly used to prevent thrombosis in dogs with pIMHA; however, the efficacy of antiplatelet agents in dogs with pIMHA is unknown.

Hypothesis: The use of clopidogrel (CL), alone or in combination with ULDA, would improve survival to discharge and at 90 days without important adverse effects compared with ULDA alone in dogs with pIMHA treated with standard immunosuppressive therapy.

Animals: Twenty-four client-owned dogs with pIMHA.

Methods: Prospective, positive-controlled, unmasked clinical trial with dogs randomized in 3 treatment groups to receive PO ULDA or CL or both.

Results: There was no identifiable adverse reaction, evidence of hemorrhage, or increase in transfusion requirements associated with CL therapy, either alone or combined with ULDA, compared with ULDA alone. There was no significant difference between treatment groups with respect to survival to discharge and at 90 days.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance: This study suggests that CL therapy, alone or in combination with ULDA, was safe and had similar short-term survival compared with ULDA alone in a small group of dogs with pIMHA able to tolerate oral medications and treated with standard immunosuppressive treatment.