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Keywords:

  • Antimicrobials;
  • Bacterial species;
  • Infectious diseases;
  • Microbiology;
  • Parenchymal disease;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Respiratory tract

Abstract

Rhodococcus equi, a Gram-positive facultative intracellular pathogen, is one of the most common causes of pneumonia in foals. Although R. equi can be cultured from the environment of virtually all horse farms, the clinical disease in foals is endemic at some farms, sporadic at others, and unrecognized at many. On farms where the disease is endemic, costs associated with morbidity and mortality attributable to R. equi may be very high. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide recommendations regarding the diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention of infections caused by R. equi in foals.