• 1
    Wilmut I, Schnieke AE, McWhir J, et al. Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells. Nature 1997;385:810813.
  • 2
    Wells DN, Misica PM, Tervit HR. Production of cloned calves following nuclear transfer with cultured adult mural granulosa cells. Biol Reprod 1999;60:9961005.
  • 3
    Edwards JL, Schrick FN, McCracken MD, et al. Cloning adult farm animals: A review of the possibilities and problems associated with somatic cell nuclear transfer. Am J Reprod Immunol 2003;50:113123.
  • 4
    Wilmut I, Beaujean N, de Sousa PA, et al. Somatic cell nuclear transfer. Nature 2002;419:583586.
  • 5
    Pace MM, Augenstein ML, Betthauser JM, et al. Ontogeny of cloned cattle to lactation. Biol Reprod 2002;67:334339.
  • 6
    Panarace M, Aguero JI, Garrote M, et al. How healthy are clones and their progeny: 5 years of field experience. Theriogenology 2007;67:142151.
  • 7
    Hill JR, Roussel AJ, Cibelli JB, et al. Clinical and pathologic features of cloned transgenic calves and fetuses (13 case studies). Theriogenology 1999;51:14511465.
  • 8
    Wilson JM, Williams JD, Bondioli KR, et al. Comparison of birth and growth characteristics of bovine calves produced by nuclear transfer (cloning), embryo transfer and natural mating. Anim Reprod Sci 1995;38:7383.
  • 9
    Garry FB, Adams R, McCann JP, et al. Postnatal characteristics of calves produced by nuclear transfer cloning. Theriogenology 1996;45:141152.
  • 10
    Batchelder CA, Bertolini M, Mason JB, et al. Perinatal physiology in cloned and normal calves: Hematologic and biochemical profiles. Cloning Stem Cells 2007;9:8396.
  • 11
    Batchelder CA, Bertolini M, Mason JB, et al. Perinatal physiology in cloned and normal calves: Physical and clinical characteristics. Cloning Stem Cells 2007;9:6382.
  • 12
    West JB. Respiratory Physiology: The Essentials, 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008, pp. ix, 186.
  • 13
    Bleul U, Lejeune B, Schwantag S, et al. Blood gas and acid-base analysis of arterial blood in 57 newborn calves. Vet Rec 2007;161:688691.
  • 14
    House JK. Initial management and physical examination of the neonate. In: SmithBP, ed. Large Animal Internal Medicine. St Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:262280.
  • 15
    Wilson WD., Lofstedt J. Alterations in respiratory function. In: SmithBP, ed. Large Animal Internal Medicine, 4th ed. St Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:4282.
  • 16
    Buczinski S, Boysen SR, Fecteau G. Mechanical ventilation of a cloned calf in respiratory failure. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2007;17:179183.
  • 17
    Guglani L, Lakshminrusimha S, Ryan RM. Transient tachypnea of the newborn. Pediatr Rev 2008;29:e59e65.
  • 18
    Wilkins PA. Lower respiratory problems of the neonate. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2003;19:1933, v.
  • 19
    Steinhorn RH, Farrow KN. Pulmonary hypertension in the neonate. Neoreviews 2007;8:e14e21.
  • 20
    Fasules JW, Tryka F, Chipman CW, et al. Pulmonary hypertension and arterial changes in calves with a systemic-to-left pulmonary artery connection. J Appl Physiol 1994;77:867875.
  • 21
    Stenmark KR, Fasules J, Hyde DM, et al. Severe pulmonary hypertension and arterial adventitial changes in newborn calves at 4,300 m. J Appl Physiol 1987;62:821830.
  • 22
    Stoll BJ. The newborn infant. In: KliegmanR, ed. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 2007.
  • 23
    Sundell H, Garrott J, Blankenship WJ, et al. Studies on infants with type II respiratory distress syndrome. J Pediatr 1971;78:754764.
  • 24
    Bleul U. Respiratory distress syndrome in calves. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2009;25:179193.
  • 25
    Eigenmann UJ, Schoon HA, Jahn D, et al. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome in the calf. Vet Rec 1984;114:141144.
  • 26
    Zimmermann LJ, Janssen DJ, Tibboel D, et al. Surfactant metabolism in the neonate. Biol Neonate 2005;87:296307.
  • 27
    Corley KT, Axon JE. Resuscitation and emergency management for neonatal foals. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2005;21:431455.
  • 28
    Bleul UT, Bircher BM, Kahn WK. Effect of intranasal oxygen administration on blood gas variables and outcome in neonatal calves with respiratory distress syndrome: 20 cases (2004–2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;233:289293.
  • 29
    Palmer JE. Ventilatory support of the critically ill foal. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2005;21:457486.
  • 30
    Lloyd KC, Kelly AB, Dunlop CI. Treatment of respiratory distress in a prematurely born foal. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1988;193:560562.
  • 31
    Wilkins PA, Palmer JE. Mechanical ventilation in foals with botulism: 9 cases (1989–2002). J Vet Intern Med 2003;17:708712.