• Open Access

Evaluation of the Oral Antimitotic Agent (ABT-751) in Dogs with Lymphoma

Authors


Corresponding Author: Anthony Rusk, DVM, Animal Clinical Investigation, LLC, 4926 Wisconsin Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20016; e-mail: arusk@animalci.com.

Abstract

Background

ABT-751 is a novel orally available antimitotic agent that targets microtubule polymerization. This mechanism may suggest potential activity in canine lymphoma.

Objective

Determine a maximum tolerated dose for ABT-751, and assess long-term tolerability and activity in canine lymphoma.

Animals

Thirty dogs with newly diagnosed (n = 19) or relapsed (n = 11) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Methods

Dogs (n = 11) were enrolled in a rapid dose escalation study to define the maximum tolerated dose. Upon definition of a maximally tolerated dose, a cohort expansion of 19 dogs allowed verification of long-term tolerability and assessment of activity. Study endpoints in the cohort expansion included chronic tolerability, response rate, response duration, and time to progression. Additional endpoints included serum pharmacokinetics, lymph node drug concentrations, and changes in circulating endothelial cells.

Results

The maximum tolerated dose of ABT-751 was 350 mg/m2PO q24h. Dose-limiting toxicities included vomiting and diarrhea, which resolved with a schedule adjustment to 350 mg/m2PO q48h. ABT-751 was consistently detected in lymphoma tissue samples from dogs treated at or above the maximum tolerated dose. In the cohort expansion, objective responses were seen in 3/15 (20%) dogs with a response duration ranging from 21 to 111 days. Decreases in circulating endothelial cells were seen in 10 dogs at day 7 (2 responding dogs and 8 nonresponding dogs).

Conclusion

ABT-751 was well tolerated at 350 mg/m2PO q24h for 7 days and then q48h thereafter. Activity of ABT-751 suggested a rationale for additional studies of ABT-751 as part of a combination chemotherapy protocol for lymphoma or other canine cancers.

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