BUYING ECOLOGICAL SERVICES: FRAGMENTED RESERVES, CORE AND PERIPHERY NATIONAL PARK STRUCTURE, AND THE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSIFICATION DEBATE
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Natural Resource Modeling
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 176–217, May 2010
How to Cite
HENNESSY, D. A. and LAPAN, H. (2010), BUYING ECOLOGICAL SERVICES: FRAGMENTED RESERVES, CORE AND PERIPHERY NATIONAL PARK STRUCTURE, AND THE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSIFICATION DEBATE. Natural Resource Modeling, 23: 176–217. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-7445.2010.00061.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
- Received by the editors on 24th August 2009. Accepted 28th December 2009.
- Environmental policy;
- land use;
- national park management;
- spatial externalities;
- Wirtinger's inequality
Abstract Growing demand for cropland products has placed intense pressure on the ability of land resources to support nature, straining public budgets to purchase environmental goods. Fixing overall agricultural output, two environmental policy options are whether to (i) promote more agricultural extensification and nature-friendly farming practices or (ii) produce intensively on some land and leave the rest wild. Microeconomic models of the topic have not accounted for widely recognized spatial externalities regarding fragmented reserves. This article does so, using Wirtinger's inequality to also identify a third policy possibility. This is that ecological services can follow a smoothly varying spatial path chararacterized by harmonic functions. We use the results to rationalize the core and periphery national park structure put in place around the world, that is, versions of our third policy possibility have been implemented.