This research is based upon the doctoral dissertation of the first author.
The Role of Affect in Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors
Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2011
© 2011 The American Association of Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 2, pages 160–170, April 2011
How to Cite
Yamokoski, C. A., Scheel, K. R. and Rogers, J. R. (2011), The Role of Affect in Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 41: 160–170. doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00019.x
- Issue online: 6 APR 2011
- Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Received: May 5, 2010 Revision Accepted: May 5, 2010
Risk factors, theoretical explanations, and treatment suggestions for suicidal behaviors have historically focused largely on cognitions, but a more comprehensive picture may be provided by examining the role of affect in suicidal thoughts and behaviors. In the current study the link between affect and suicide within the theoretical framework of the circumplex model was examined empirically. Data from 104 participants demonstrated that both positive and negative affect are related to suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and that affect provided additional information about suicidality over and above the cognitive variable of hopelessness. The findings support that suicidal risk assessment may be enhanced by evaluating both hopelessness and affect, and that negative affect, in particular, is important to address in the treatment of suicidal individuals.