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Prospective Predictors of Suicidality: Defeat and Entrapment Lead to Changes in Suicidal Ideation over Time

Authors

  • Peter James Taylor PhD,

    1. PeterJamesTaylor, Patricia A. Gooding, Alex M. Wood, and JudithJohnson, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester; NicholasTarrier, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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  • Patricia A. Gooding PhD,

    1. PeterJamesTaylor, Patricia A. Gooding, Alex M. Wood, and JudithJohnson, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester; NicholasTarrier, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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  • Alex M. Wood PhD,

    1. PeterJamesTaylor, Patricia A. Gooding, Alex M. Wood, and JudithJohnson, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester; NicholasTarrier, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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  • Judith Johnson PhD,

    1. PeterJamesTaylor, Patricia A. Gooding, Alex M. Wood, and JudithJohnson, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester; NicholasTarrier, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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  • Nicholas Tarrier PhD, C.Psychol, FBPsS

    1. PeterJamesTaylor, Patricia A. Gooding, Alex M. Wood, and JudithJohnson, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester; NicholasTarrier, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London and School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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Address correspondence to P. Taylor, School of Psychological Sciences, 2nd floor, Zochonis Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK; E-mail: p.j.taylor@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk

Abstract

Theoretical perspectives into suicidality have suggested that heightened perceptions of defeat and entrapment lead to suicidality. However, all previous empirical work has been cross-sectional. We provide the first longitudinal test of the theoretical predictions, in a sample of 79 students who reported suicidality. Participants completed self-report measures of suicidal ideation, depression, defeat, and entrapment at two time points, approximately 12 months apart. People higher in defeat became more suicidal over time (β = .45), with baseline levels of suicidality and depressive symptoms controlled. The current results support the posited role of perceived defeat in driving suicidal ideation.

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